The expression of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) can be regulated by several hormones, cytokines, and tumour promoters. uPAR is a glycosyl-phosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-linked cell-surface protein; however, it is capable to transduce signals inside the cell by interacting with other cell-surface proteins, such as integrins and G-protein coupled (GPC) receptors. We previously reported that uPAR cell-surface expression can be positively regulated by its ligand, uPA, independently of its proteolytic activity. We now demonstrate that uPAR overexpression induces or increases uPA secretion both in uPAR-negative and in uPAR-expressing cells. Accordingly, uPAR depletion impairs uPA expression in cells which constitutively express both uPA and its receptor. uPAR exerts its regulatory effect through the activation of the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), whereas the p-38 MAPK is not involved. Overexpression of truncated forms of uPAR, lacking the N-terminal domain (DI) and not able to interact with membrane co-receptors, failed to increase uPA expression. Inhibition of uPAR-integrin interaction by the specific P-25 peptide, as well as Gi-protein inhibition by cholera pertussin toxin or depletion of the GPC receptors for fMLF (fMLF-Rs) also, impaired uPAR capability to regulate uPA expression. These findings demonstrate that uPAR, whose expression is regulated by uPA, can, in turn, regulate uPA expression through a mechanism involving its functional interaction with integrins and fMLF-Rs.

uPAR REGULATES PERICELLULAR PROTEOLYSIS THROUGH A MECHANISM INVOLVING INTEGRINS AND fMLF-RECEPTORS

RAGNO, Pia
2013

Abstract

The expression of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) can be regulated by several hormones, cytokines, and tumour promoters. uPAR is a glycosyl-phosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-linked cell-surface protein; however, it is capable to transduce signals inside the cell by interacting with other cell-surface proteins, such as integrins and G-protein coupled (GPC) receptors. We previously reported that uPAR cell-surface expression can be positively regulated by its ligand, uPA, independently of its proteolytic activity. We now demonstrate that uPAR overexpression induces or increases uPA secretion both in uPAR-negative and in uPAR-expressing cells. Accordingly, uPAR depletion impairs uPA expression in cells which constitutively express both uPA and its receptor. uPAR exerts its regulatory effect through the activation of the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), whereas the p-38 MAPK is not involved. Overexpression of truncated forms of uPAR, lacking the N-terminal domain (DI) and not able to interact with membrane co-receptors, failed to increase uPA expression. Inhibition of uPAR-integrin interaction by the specific P-25 peptide, as well as Gi-protein inhibition by cholera pertussin toxin or depletion of the GPC receptors for fMLF (fMLF-Rs) also, impaired uPAR capability to regulate uPA expression. These findings demonstrate that uPAR, whose expression is regulated by uPA, can, in turn, regulate uPA expression through a mechanism involving its functional interaction with integrins and fMLF-Rs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3880203
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