Background/Aims: Significant postoperative bile leaks occur in approximately 1% of patients. The goal of endoscopic therapy is to eliminate the transpapillary pressure gradient, thereby permitting preferential transpapillary bile-flow rather than extravasation at the site of leak. Methodology: Sixty-four patients were retrospectively evaluated. Endoscopic treatment comprised endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by insertion of a naso-biliary drainage or a stent. Retained stones were extracted by standard procedures. Results: The site of bile extravasation was the cystic duct in 50 cases, ducts of Luschka in 4 cases, common bile duct in 6 cases and common hepatic duct in 4 cases. Retained bile duct stones were detected in 21 cases and papillary stenosis in 4 cases. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed in 25 cases, with stones extraction and nasobiliary drainage in 21 cases, and placement of stent in the remainder. Bile leaks resolved in 96.9% of patients, after endoscopic procedure. Two cases of mild pancreatitis were evidenced from endoscopic treatment. Conclusions: Endoscopic management is the treatment of choice of postcholecystectomy bile leaks.

Leaks from laparoscopic cholecystectomy

PUZZIELLO, Alessandro;
2002

Abstract

Background/Aims: Significant postoperative bile leaks occur in approximately 1% of patients. The goal of endoscopic therapy is to eliminate the transpapillary pressure gradient, thereby permitting preferential transpapillary bile-flow rather than extravasation at the site of leak. Methodology: Sixty-four patients were retrospectively evaluated. Endoscopic treatment comprised endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by insertion of a naso-biliary drainage or a stent. Retained stones were extracted by standard procedures. Results: The site of bile extravasation was the cystic duct in 50 cases, ducts of Luschka in 4 cases, common bile duct in 6 cases and common hepatic duct in 4 cases. Retained bile duct stones were detected in 21 cases and papillary stenosis in 4 cases. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed in 25 cases, with stones extraction and nasobiliary drainage in 21 cases, and placement of stent in the remainder. Bile leaks resolved in 96.9% of patients, after endoscopic procedure. Two cases of mild pancreatitis were evidenced from endoscopic treatment. Conclusions: Endoscopic management is the treatment of choice of postcholecystectomy bile leaks.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3939616
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 38
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact