We study the geometry of multidimensional scalar 2 nd order PDEs (i.e. PDEs with n independent variables), viewed as hypersurfaces ε in the Lagrangian Grassmann bundle M (1) over a (2n +1)-dimensional contact manifold (M, C). We develop the theory of characteristics of ε in terms of contact geometry and of the geometry of Lagrangian Grassmannian and study their relationship with intermediate integrals of ε. After specializing such results to general Monge-Ampère equations (MAEs), we focus our attention to MAEs of type introduced by Goursat in 1899: (Equation presented) We show that any MAE of this class is associated with an n-dimensional subdistribution D of the contact distribution C, and viceversa. We characterize these Goursat-type equations together with their intermediate integrals in terms of their characteristics and give a criterion of local contact equivalence. Finally, we develop a method to solve Cauchy problems for this kind of equations.

Contact geometry of multidimensional Monge-Ampère equations: characteristics, intermediate integrals and solutions.

PUGLIESE, Fabrizio
2012

Abstract

We study the geometry of multidimensional scalar 2 nd order PDEs (i.e. PDEs with n independent variables), viewed as hypersurfaces ε in the Lagrangian Grassmann bundle M (1) over a (2n +1)-dimensional contact manifold (M, C). We develop the theory of characteristics of ε in terms of contact geometry and of the geometry of Lagrangian Grassmannian and study their relationship with intermediate integrals of ε. After specializing such results to general Monge-Ampère equations (MAEs), we focus our attention to MAEs of type introduced by Goursat in 1899: (Equation presented) We show that any MAE of this class is associated with an n-dimensional subdistribution D of the contact distribution C, and viceversa. We characterize these Goursat-type equations together with their intermediate integrals in terms of their characteristics and give a criterion of local contact equivalence. Finally, we develop a method to solve Cauchy problems for this kind of equations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3952614
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