In human cancer cells, BAG3 protein is known to sustain cell survival. Here, for the first time, we demonstrated the expression of BAG3 protein in equine sarcoids in vivo as well as in an in vitro model of sarcoid-derived equine fibroblasts. Evidence of a possible involvement of BAG3 in equine sarcoid carcinogenesis was obtained by immunohistochemistry analysis of tumour samples. We found that the most of tumour samples stained positive for BAG3, even though to a different grade, while normal dermal fibroblasts from a healthy horse displayed very weak staining pattern for BAG3 expression. By siRNA technology, we demonstrated the role of BAG3 in counteracting basal as well as chemical-triggered pro-death signals. BAG3 down-modulation in EqSO4b, a sarcoid-derived fully transformed cell line harbouring bovine papilloma virus (BPV)-1 genome, promotes cell death and cell cycle arrest in G0/G1. In addition, we found that BAG3 silencing sensitized cells to phenethylisothiocyanate (PEITC), a promising cancer chemopreventive/chemotherapeitic agent present in edible cruciferous vegetables. Notably, such a pro-survival role of BAG3 was less relevant in E.Derm cells, taken as normal counterpart, thus suggesting a mutual cooperation between BAG3 and viral oncoproteins to sustain cell survival.

BAG3 protects Bovine Papillomavirus type 1-transformed equine fibroblasts against pro-death signals

COTUGNO, ROBERTA;BELISARIO, MARIA ANTONIETTA;
2013

Abstract

In human cancer cells, BAG3 protein is known to sustain cell survival. Here, for the first time, we demonstrated the expression of BAG3 protein in equine sarcoids in vivo as well as in an in vitro model of sarcoid-derived equine fibroblasts. Evidence of a possible involvement of BAG3 in equine sarcoid carcinogenesis was obtained by immunohistochemistry analysis of tumour samples. We found that the most of tumour samples stained positive for BAG3, even though to a different grade, while normal dermal fibroblasts from a healthy horse displayed very weak staining pattern for BAG3 expression. By siRNA technology, we demonstrated the role of BAG3 in counteracting basal as well as chemical-triggered pro-death signals. BAG3 down-modulation in EqSO4b, a sarcoid-derived fully transformed cell line harbouring bovine papilloma virus (BPV)-1 genome, promotes cell death and cell cycle arrest in G0/G1. In addition, we found that BAG3 silencing sensitized cells to phenethylisothiocyanate (PEITC), a promising cancer chemopreventive/chemotherapeitic agent present in edible cruciferous vegetables. Notably, such a pro-survival role of BAG3 was less relevant in E.Derm cells, taken as normal counterpart, thus suggesting a mutual cooperation between BAG3 and viral oncoproteins to sustain cell survival.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4017654
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