A series of novel Mg(ii) and Zn(ii) complexes of the form LMX or L2M, supported by phenoxy-thioether ligands bearing different substituents at the ortho position of the thiophenol rings [L- = 4,6-tBu2-OC6H2-2-CH2S(2-R-C6H4)-] [M = Zn, R = H, X = N(SiMe3)2 (1) and X = Et (2); M = Mg, X = n-Bu, R = H (3), R = CH3 (4), R = Br (5); M = Mg, R = H (6)], were synthesized and characterized. Reaction of the proper zinc precursor (Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]2 or ZnEt2) with one equiv. of the phenoxy-thioether proligand produced the corresponding amido (1) and Et (2) zinc complexes in high yields. The monoalkylmagnesium complexes (3-5) were all obtained by butane elimination reaction of the dialkylmagnesium reagent, Mg(n-Bu)2, with one equiv. of the proligand in good yields. The homoleptic complex 6 was obtained by reaction of 0.5 equiv of Mg(n-Bu)2 and the proper proligand. Variable temp. 1H NMR studies performed on 2 and 3 demonstrated that the named complexes are involved in fluxional processes concerning a fast conformational change of the six-membered metallacycle. DOSY (Diffusion Ordered SpectroscopY) 1H expts. and ligand scrambling strongly suggested that complexes 1-6 exist as dimeric species in soln. All complexes were active as catalysts in the ring-opening polymn. of cyclic esters. In particular, magnesium complexes showed superior ϵ-caprolactone and lactide ROP behavior in terms of activity, control of mol. wts. and mol. wt. distributions.

Ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters by phenoxy-thioether complexes derived from biocompatible metals

LAMBERTI, Marina;MAZZEO, Mina;MILIONE, Stefano;PELLECCHIA, Claudio
2013-01-01

Abstract

A series of novel Mg(ii) and Zn(ii) complexes of the form LMX or L2M, supported by phenoxy-thioether ligands bearing different substituents at the ortho position of the thiophenol rings [L- = 4,6-tBu2-OC6H2-2-CH2S(2-R-C6H4)-] [M = Zn, R = H, X = N(SiMe3)2 (1) and X = Et (2); M = Mg, X = n-Bu, R = H (3), R = CH3 (4), R = Br (5); M = Mg, R = H (6)], were synthesized and characterized. Reaction of the proper zinc precursor (Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]2 or ZnEt2) with one equiv. of the phenoxy-thioether proligand produced the corresponding amido (1) and Et (2) zinc complexes in high yields. The monoalkylmagnesium complexes (3-5) were all obtained by butane elimination reaction of the dialkylmagnesium reagent, Mg(n-Bu)2, with one equiv. of the proligand in good yields. The homoleptic complex 6 was obtained by reaction of 0.5 equiv of Mg(n-Bu)2 and the proper proligand. Variable temp. 1H NMR studies performed on 2 and 3 demonstrated that the named complexes are involved in fluxional processes concerning a fast conformational change of the six-membered metallacycle. DOSY (Diffusion Ordered SpectroscopY) 1H expts. and ligand scrambling strongly suggested that complexes 1-6 exist as dimeric species in soln. All complexes were active as catalysts in the ring-opening polymn. of cyclic esters. In particular, magnesium complexes showed superior ϵ-caprolactone and lactide ROP behavior in terms of activity, control of mol. wts. and mol. wt. distributions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4025053
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