ABSTRACT Background and Objectives: High levels of indoxyl sulfate (IS) are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and increased mortality in CKD patients. The aim of this pilot study was to assess whether a very low protein diet (VLPD; 0.3 g/kg bw/day), with a consequent low phosphorus intake, would reduce IS serum levels compared to a low protein diet (LPD; 0.6 g/kg bw/day) in CKD patients not yet on dialysis. Material and Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of a preceding cross-over study aimed to analyze FGF23 during VLPD. Here we performed a prospective randomized controlled crossover study in which 32 patients were randomized to receive either a VLPD (0.3 g/kg bw/day) supplemented with ketoanalogues during the first week and an LPD during the second week (group A, n = 16), or an LPD during the first week and a VLPD during the second week (group B, n = 16 patients). IS serum levels were measured at baseline and at the end of each study period. We compared them to 24 hemodialysis patients (HD) and 14 healthy subjects (control). Results: IS serum concentration was significantly higher in the HD (43.4 ± 12.3 μ M ) and CKD (11.1 ± 6.6 μ M ) groups compared to the control group (2.9 ± 1.1 μ M; p < 0.001). IS levels also correlated with creatinine values in CKD patients (R 2 =0.42; p < 0.0001). After only 1 week of a VLPD, even preceded by an LPD, CKD patients showed a significant reduction of IS serum levels (37%). Conclusions: VLPD supplemented with ketoanalogues reduced IS serum levels in CKD patients not yet on dialysis.

Very low protein diet reduces Indoxyl sulfate levels in Chronic Kidney Disease

MARZOCCO, STEFANIA;DAL PIAZ, FABRIZIO;AUTORE, Giuseppina;
2013

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background and Objectives: High levels of indoxyl sulfate (IS) are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and increased mortality in CKD patients. The aim of this pilot study was to assess whether a very low protein diet (VLPD; 0.3 g/kg bw/day), with a consequent low phosphorus intake, would reduce IS serum levels compared to a low protein diet (LPD; 0.6 g/kg bw/day) in CKD patients not yet on dialysis. Material and Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of a preceding cross-over study aimed to analyze FGF23 during VLPD. Here we performed a prospective randomized controlled crossover study in which 32 patients were randomized to receive either a VLPD (0.3 g/kg bw/day) supplemented with ketoanalogues during the first week and an LPD during the second week (group A, n = 16), or an LPD during the first week and a VLPD during the second week (group B, n = 16 patients). IS serum levels were measured at baseline and at the end of each study period. We compared them to 24 hemodialysis patients (HD) and 14 healthy subjects (control). Results: IS serum concentration was significantly higher in the HD (43.4 ± 12.3 μ M ) and CKD (11.1 ± 6.6 μ M ) groups compared to the control group (2.9 ± 1.1 μ M; p < 0.001). IS levels also correlated with creatinine values in CKD patients (R 2 =0.42; p < 0.0001). After only 1 week of a VLPD, even preceded by an LPD, CKD patients showed a significant reduction of IS serum levels (37%). Conclusions: VLPD supplemented with ketoanalogues reduced IS serum levels in CKD patients not yet on dialysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4029252
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