A new experimental device for the measurement of the hzorizontal to vertical stress ratio was developed. The tester is designed to conduct the requiredmeasurements using a single standard load cell without the need to apply strain gauges on custom built parts.Three different procedures were tested with free-flowing incompressible powders to determine the most precise procedure. This optimal procedure included the preliminary twisting of the cell lid to pre-shear the sample and was modified to conduct experiments with cohesive compressible powders. The results obtained from the best procedure were compared with those from commonly used estimating equations for the horizontal to vertical stress ratio as a function of the angle of internal friction. The obtained results were consistent with the Koenen equation(Koenen in Centralblatt der Bauverwaltung 16:446–449, 1896) for free-flowing materials and with theDIN 1055 equation (DIN 1055 Teil 6, Lastannahmen für Bauten, Lasten in Silozellen, 1987) for cohesive materials.

A device for the measurement of the horizontal to vertical stress ratio in powders

BARLETTA, Diego;POLETTO, Massimo
2013

Abstract

A new experimental device for the measurement of the hzorizontal to vertical stress ratio was developed. The tester is designed to conduct the requiredmeasurements using a single standard load cell without the need to apply strain gauges on custom built parts.Three different procedures were tested with free-flowing incompressible powders to determine the most precise procedure. This optimal procedure included the preliminary twisting of the cell lid to pre-shear the sample and was modified to conduct experiments with cohesive compressible powders. The results obtained from the best procedure were compared with those from commonly used estimating equations for the horizontal to vertical stress ratio as a function of the angle of internal friction. The obtained results were consistent with the Koenen equation(Koenen in Centralblatt der Bauverwaltung 16:446–449, 1896) for free-flowing materials and with theDIN 1055 equation (DIN 1055 Teil 6, Lastannahmen für Bauten, Lasten in Silozellen, 1987) for cohesive materials.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4090455
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