Condensation of 4-hydroxybenzohydrazide with a variety of non-chiral aliphatic ketones, methylethylketone, acetone, cyclohexanone and cyclobutanone, affords imine compounds crystallizing in polar space groups (Pna21 or Cc). For all the compounds synthesized, the crystal structure was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis and second harmonic generation experiments were performed on powder samples. The imine obtained using acetone shows solid state polymorphism with unusual behaviour; three different crystal phases have been identified (phases I, II and III), all having the same polar space group Pna21, and the transitions from I to II and from III to II are topotactic, i.e. single-crystal-to-single-crystal. During the irreversible transition from phase I to II, the polar axis undergoes a strong compression (about 15%) and single crystals of the parent phase are violently shattered into single crystal fragments of the new phase, while in the reversible transition from phase III to II, the polar axis expands (about 14%) and the integrity of single crystals is preserved.

A series of compounds forming polar crystals and showing single-crystal-to-single-crystal transitions between polar phases

CAPOBIANCO, AMEDEO;PELUSO, Andrea
2012

Abstract

Condensation of 4-hydroxybenzohydrazide with a variety of non-chiral aliphatic ketones, methylethylketone, acetone, cyclohexanone and cyclobutanone, affords imine compounds crystallizing in polar space groups (Pna21 or Cc). For all the compounds synthesized, the crystal structure was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis and second harmonic generation experiments were performed on powder samples. The imine obtained using acetone shows solid state polymorphism with unusual behaviour; three different crystal phases have been identified (phases I, II and III), all having the same polar space group Pna21, and the transitions from I to II and from III to II are topotactic, i.e. single-crystal-to-single-crystal. During the irreversible transition from phase I to II, the polar axis undergoes a strong compression (about 15%) and single crystals of the parent phase are violently shattered into single crystal fragments of the new phase, while in the reversible transition from phase III to II, the polar axis expands (about 14%) and the integrity of single crystals is preserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4142053
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