Multilayer films of a conventional linear low-density poly(ethylene/α-octene) (LLDPE) and a metallocene linear low-density poly(ethylene/α-hexene) (mLLDPE) copolymers were produced by cast co-extrusion process. Coextruded films were obtained by varying the position and the relative thicknesses of the two polymers. Mechanical (tensile and impact) tests, permeability, haze and hot tack measurements were carried out on the produced films in order to verify the effect of layer composition and position on the performances of the coextruded samples. Thermal and atomic force microscopy characterizations of the three-layer structures were also performed to correlate the resulting morphology with the film properties. The experiments demonstrated that, at fixed composition, the structures having the mLLDPE copolymer as external layers exhibit generally better mechanical performances and a widening in the sealability temperature window due to a lowering of 5°C in the seal-initiation temperature, with only a small increase (max 3.5%) in the film haze percentages. The oxygen permeability values do not seem to be significantly affected by the structure composition and layout.

Three-layered coextruded cast films based on conventional and metallocene poly(ethylene/α-olefin) copolymers

SCARFATO, Paola;DI MAIO, Luciano;GAROFALO, EMILIA;INCARNATO, Loredana
2014

Abstract

Multilayer films of a conventional linear low-density poly(ethylene/α-octene) (LLDPE) and a metallocene linear low-density poly(ethylene/α-hexene) (mLLDPE) copolymers were produced by cast co-extrusion process. Coextruded films were obtained by varying the position and the relative thicknesses of the two polymers. Mechanical (tensile and impact) tests, permeability, haze and hot tack measurements were carried out on the produced films in order to verify the effect of layer composition and position on the performances of the coextruded samples. Thermal and atomic force microscopy characterizations of the three-layer structures were also performed to correlate the resulting morphology with the film properties. The experiments demonstrated that, at fixed composition, the structures having the mLLDPE copolymer as external layers exhibit generally better mechanical performances and a widening in the sealability temperature window due to a lowering of 5°C in the seal-initiation temperature, with only a small increase (max 3.5%) in the film haze percentages. The oxygen permeability values do not seem to be significantly affected by the structure composition and layout.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4211453
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