Background: The semi-synthetic ent-kaurane 15-ketoatractyligenin methyl ester (SC2017) has been previously reported to possess high antiproliferative activity against several solid tumor-derived cell lines. Our study was aimed at investigating SC2017 tumor growth-inhibiting activity and the underlying mechanisms in Jurkat cells (T-cell leukemia) and xenograft tumor models. Methods: Cell viability was evaluated byMTT assay. Cell cycle progression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation and apoptotic hallmarks were monitored by flow cytometry. Inhibition of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) by biochemical assays. Levels and/or activation status of signaling proteins were assessed by western blotting. Xenograft tumors were generated with HCT 116 colon carcinoma cells. Results: SC2017 displayed cell growth-inhibiting activity against Jurkat cells (halfmaximal inhibitory concentration values (IC50) b 2 μM), but low cell-killing potential in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The primary response of Jurkat cells to SC2017was an arrest in G2 phase followed by caspase-dependent apoptosis. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway and TrxR activity by SC2017 was demonstrated by biochemical and pharmacological approaches. At least, SC2017 was found to inhibit xenograft tumor growth. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that SC2017 inhibits tumor cell growth in in vitro and in vivo models, but displays moderate toxicity against PBMC. We also demonstrate that SC2017 promotes caspase-dependent apoptosis in Jurkat cells by affecting Akt activation status and TrxR functionality. General significance: Our observations suggest the semi-synthetic ent-kaurane SC2017 as a promising chemotherapeutic compound. SC2017 has, indeed, shown to possess tumor growth inhibiting activity and be able to counteract PI3K/Akt and Trx system survival signaling.

Powerful tumor cell growth-inhibiting activity of a synthetic derivative of atractyligenin: Involvement of PI3K/Akt pathway and thioredoxin system

COTUGNO, ROBERTA;DAL PIAZ, FABRIZIO;BELISARIO, MARIA ANTONIETTA
2014

Abstract

Background: The semi-synthetic ent-kaurane 15-ketoatractyligenin methyl ester (SC2017) has been previously reported to possess high antiproliferative activity against several solid tumor-derived cell lines. Our study was aimed at investigating SC2017 tumor growth-inhibiting activity and the underlying mechanisms in Jurkat cells (T-cell leukemia) and xenograft tumor models. Methods: Cell viability was evaluated byMTT assay. Cell cycle progression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) elevation and apoptotic hallmarks were monitored by flow cytometry. Inhibition of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) by biochemical assays. Levels and/or activation status of signaling proteins were assessed by western blotting. Xenograft tumors were generated with HCT 116 colon carcinoma cells. Results: SC2017 displayed cell growth-inhibiting activity against Jurkat cells (halfmaximal inhibitory concentration values (IC50) b 2 μM), but low cell-killing potential in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The primary response of Jurkat cells to SC2017was an arrest in G2 phase followed by caspase-dependent apoptosis. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway and TrxR activity by SC2017 was demonstrated by biochemical and pharmacological approaches. At least, SC2017 was found to inhibit xenograft tumor growth. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that SC2017 inhibits tumor cell growth in in vitro and in vivo models, but displays moderate toxicity against PBMC. We also demonstrate that SC2017 promotes caspase-dependent apoptosis in Jurkat cells by affecting Akt activation status and TrxR functionality. General significance: Our observations suggest the semi-synthetic ent-kaurane SC2017 as a promising chemotherapeutic compound. SC2017 has, indeed, shown to possess tumor growth inhibiting activity and be able to counteract PI3K/Akt and Trx system survival signaling.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4260853
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