Background Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most frequent complication of total thyroidectomy. It may have a delayed onset, and therefore delays the discharge from the hospital, requiring calcium replacement therapy to alleviate clinical symptoms. Methods During a 7-months period, 2631 consecutive patients undergoing primary or completion thyroidectomy were prospectively followed up and underwent analysis regarding postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Data were prospectively collected by questionnaires from 39 Italian endocrine surgery units affiliated to the Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association (Club delle Unità di EndocrinoChirurgia - UEC), where thyroid surgery is routinely performed. Results The incidence of hypoparathyroidism was 28,8% (757 patients), including transient hypocalcemia (27,9%) and permanent hypocalcemia (0,9%). The rate of asymptomatic hypocalcemia was 70,80%. The incidence of permanent hypocalcemia was higher in the symptomatic hypocalcemia group (7,5%) than in asymptomatic one (1,5%). Female patients experienced a transient postoperative hypocalcemia more frequently than male patients (29.7% and 21.2% respectively; p <.0001). The percentage developing hypocalcemia in patients in which parathyroid glands were intraoperatively identified and preserved was higher than in the patients in which the identification of parathyroid glands was not achived (29,2% versus 18,7%, p<0.01). Conclusions This prospective study confirmed the main risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia: thyroid cancer, nodal dissection and female gender. It farther showed that identifying parathyroids has an important role to prevent permanent hypocalcemia though with a higher risk of transient hypocalcemia. In order to a proper information of patient this issues have to be addressed in a suitable informed consent.

Hypocalcemia following thyroid surgery: incidence and risk factors. A longitudinal multicenter study comprising 2,631 patients.

PUZZIELLO, Alessandro;
2014

Abstract

Background Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most frequent complication of total thyroidectomy. It may have a delayed onset, and therefore delays the discharge from the hospital, requiring calcium replacement therapy to alleviate clinical symptoms. Methods During a 7-months period, 2631 consecutive patients undergoing primary or completion thyroidectomy were prospectively followed up and underwent analysis regarding postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Data were prospectively collected by questionnaires from 39 Italian endocrine surgery units affiliated to the Italian Endocrine Surgery Units Association (Club delle Unità di EndocrinoChirurgia - UEC), where thyroid surgery is routinely performed. Results The incidence of hypoparathyroidism was 28,8% (757 patients), including transient hypocalcemia (27,9%) and permanent hypocalcemia (0,9%). The rate of asymptomatic hypocalcemia was 70,80%. The incidence of permanent hypocalcemia was higher in the symptomatic hypocalcemia group (7,5%) than in asymptomatic one (1,5%). Female patients experienced a transient postoperative hypocalcemia more frequently than male patients (29.7% and 21.2% respectively; p <.0001). The percentage developing hypocalcemia in patients in which parathyroid glands were intraoperatively identified and preserved was higher than in the patients in which the identification of parathyroid glands was not achived (29,2% versus 18,7%, p<0.01). Conclusions This prospective study confirmed the main risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia: thyroid cancer, nodal dissection and female gender. It farther showed that identifying parathyroids has an important role to prevent permanent hypocalcemia though with a higher risk of transient hypocalcemia. In order to a proper information of patient this issues have to be addressed in a suitable informed consent.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4275057
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