Background Bariatric procedures can induce a massive weight loss, that lasts more than 15 years after surgery; in addition they achieve important metabolic effects including diabetes resolution in the majority of morbidly obese patients. However some bariatric interventions may cause gastroesophageal reflux disease and other serious complications. The aim of our study is to evaluate the risk of cancer after bariatric surgery. Methods We performed a review of literature about the cases of gastric cancer arising after any bariatric procedure, including a case of adenocarcinoma incidentally discovered by the authors six months after Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding. Results Globally 17 case reports describing 18 patients were retrieved, including the case of the authors. The diagnosis of tumor was at mean of 8,6 years after bariatric surgery, respectively 9,3 after RYGB and 8,1 after restrictive procedures. The adenocarcinoma represented most cases (15 patients - 83%). In the patients with RYGB the adenocarcinoma was localized in the excluded stomach in 5 (83%) and in the pouch in 1 (17%). After a restrictive procedure the cancer was localized in the pouch in 5 patients (62,5%), in the pylorus in 2 patients (25%) and in lesser curvature only in 1 (12,5%). Conclusion Nowadays there is a lack of evidence about a connection between the late occurrence of gastric adenocarcinoma and the bariatric surgery. For this reason while the preoperative upper endoscopy is still mandatory, there is no need for a regular endoscopic evaluation of patients after surgery.

Gastric Cancer Following Bariatric Surgery: a Review

PILONE, Vincenzo;PUZZIELLO, Alessandro
2014

Abstract

Background Bariatric procedures can induce a massive weight loss, that lasts more than 15 years after surgery; in addition they achieve important metabolic effects including diabetes resolution in the majority of morbidly obese patients. However some bariatric interventions may cause gastroesophageal reflux disease and other serious complications. The aim of our study is to evaluate the risk of cancer after bariatric surgery. Methods We performed a review of literature about the cases of gastric cancer arising after any bariatric procedure, including a case of adenocarcinoma incidentally discovered by the authors six months after Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding. Results Globally 17 case reports describing 18 patients were retrieved, including the case of the authors. The diagnosis of tumor was at mean of 8,6 years after bariatric surgery, respectively 9,3 after RYGB and 8,1 after restrictive procedures. The adenocarcinoma represented most cases (15 patients - 83%). In the patients with RYGB the adenocarcinoma was localized in the excluded stomach in 5 (83%) and in the pouch in 1 (17%). After a restrictive procedure the cancer was localized in the pouch in 5 patients (62,5%), in the pylorus in 2 patients (25%) and in lesser curvature only in 1 (12,5%). Conclusion Nowadays there is a lack of evidence about a connection between the late occurrence of gastric adenocarcinoma and the bariatric surgery. For this reason while the preoperative upper endoscopy is still mandatory, there is no need for a regular endoscopic evaluation of patients after surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4277053
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