Copolymerizations of ethylene with 1,3-butadiene in the presence of catalytic systems based on C2-symmetric zirconocenes rac-(CH3)2Si(2-R-4-R0-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2 (where R = CH3– or H and R0 = C6H5– or H) are compared. The chemical nature and the relative amount of constitutional comonomer units from butadiene (1,4-trans, methylene-1,2-cyclopentane and methylene-1,2-cyclopropane) are strongly affected by the bulkiness of the substituent on the indenyl ligands. The unsubstituted indenyl zirconocene system rac-(CH3)2Si(indenyl)2- ZrCl2/methylalumoxane (MAO) inserts 1,3-butadiene leading to both cyclopentane and 1,4-trans units, whereas exclusively cyclopentane constitutional units are obtained from rac-(CH3)2Si(2-methyl-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2/MAO. The catalytic system rac-(CH3)2Si(2-methyl- 4-phenyl-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2/(MAO) is able to incorporate about 30% of butadiene units into polymer chains and to form up to 10% of cyclopropane units. An unusual insertion mechanism for conjugated diolefins, that involves a butadiene g2 primary coordination and insertion leading to formation of cycloalkane units, is largely predominant for all used catalytic systems. Mechanistic studies and DFT calculations indicate that the chemoselectivity of the reaction depends on the bulkiness of the substituents on the indenyl ligands of catalyst.

Ethylene/1,3-butadiene cyclocopolymerization catalyzed by zirconocene systems

PRAGLIOLA, Stefania;COSTABILE, Chiara;VENDITTO, Vincenzo
2014

Abstract

Copolymerizations of ethylene with 1,3-butadiene in the presence of catalytic systems based on C2-symmetric zirconocenes rac-(CH3)2Si(2-R-4-R0-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2 (where R = CH3– or H and R0 = C6H5– or H) are compared. The chemical nature and the relative amount of constitutional comonomer units from butadiene (1,4-trans, methylene-1,2-cyclopentane and methylene-1,2-cyclopropane) are strongly affected by the bulkiness of the substituent on the indenyl ligands. The unsubstituted indenyl zirconocene system rac-(CH3)2Si(indenyl)2- ZrCl2/methylalumoxane (MAO) inserts 1,3-butadiene leading to both cyclopentane and 1,4-trans units, whereas exclusively cyclopentane constitutional units are obtained from rac-(CH3)2Si(2-methyl-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2/MAO. The catalytic system rac-(CH3)2Si(2-methyl- 4-phenyl-1-indenyl)2ZrCl2/(MAO) is able to incorporate about 30% of butadiene units into polymer chains and to form up to 10% of cyclopropane units. An unusual insertion mechanism for conjugated diolefins, that involves a butadiene g2 primary coordination and insertion leading to formation of cycloalkane units, is largely predominant for all used catalytic systems. Mechanistic studies and DFT calculations indicate that the chemoselectivity of the reaction depends on the bulkiness of the substituents on the indenyl ligands of catalyst.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4419254
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