The mKO is the monomeric version of Kusabira Orange, a GFP-like protein emitting bright orange fluorescence at 559 nm. This protein shows the characteristic β-barrel motif typical of the fluorescent protein family which it belongs to, similar spectral properties to the tetrameric form and an exceptional photo-stability to pH changes. Here, we demonstrate that mKO in solution at physiological pH exhibits a secondary structure analogue to that of the crystal. Moreover, we describe the thermal unfolding, revealing an outstanding structural stability with a denaturation temperature close to 90 °C and identifying the existence of a thermodynamic intermediate. The denaturation process of mKO results to be absolutely irreversible because of the complete lost of the native structure and the consequent aggregation, while the presence of the intermediate state is most likely due to coexistence of two different species of mKO, with protonated and deprotonated chromophore respectively, that affects the fluorescence properties and the structural stability of the protein.

Correlation between fluorescence and structure in the orange-emitting GFP-like protein, monomeric Kusabira Orange

MARABOTTI, ANNA;
2014

Abstract

The mKO is the monomeric version of Kusabira Orange, a GFP-like protein emitting bright orange fluorescence at 559 nm. This protein shows the characteristic β-barrel motif typical of the fluorescent protein family which it belongs to, similar spectral properties to the tetrameric form and an exceptional photo-stability to pH changes. Here, we demonstrate that mKO in solution at physiological pH exhibits a secondary structure analogue to that of the crystal. Moreover, we describe the thermal unfolding, revealing an outstanding structural stability with a denaturation temperature close to 90 °C and identifying the existence of a thermodynamic intermediate. The denaturation process of mKO results to be absolutely irreversible because of the complete lost of the native structure and the consequent aggregation, while the presence of the intermediate state is most likely due to coexistence of two different species of mKO, with protonated and deprotonated chromophore respectively, that affects the fluorescence properties and the structural stability of the protein.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4424862
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