We describe in this paper a connection between bifix codes, symbolic dynamical systems and free groups. This is in the spirit of the connection established previously for the symbolic systems corresponding to Sturmian words. We introduce a class of sets of factors of an infinite word with linear factor complexity containing Sturmian sets and regular interval exchange sets, namely the class of tree sets. We prove as a main result that for a uniformly recurrent tree set S, a finite bifix code X on the alphabet A is S-maximal of S-degree d if and only if it is the basis of a subgroup of index d of the free group on A.

The finite index basis property

DE FELICE, Clelia;
2015

Abstract

We describe in this paper a connection between bifix codes, symbolic dynamical systems and free groups. This is in the spirit of the connection established previously for the symbolic systems corresponding to Sturmian words. We introduce a class of sets of factors of an infinite word with linear factor complexity containing Sturmian sets and regular interval exchange sets, namely the class of tree sets. We prove as a main result that for a uniformly recurrent tree set S, a finite bifix code X on the alphabet A is S-maximal of S-degree d if and only if it is the basis of a subgroup of index d of the free group on A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4524665
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