Despite its high content of flavonoids, bergamot (Citrus bergamia) juice, is considered a waste product of the essential oil industry. In the present contribution, the potential of bergamot juice against inflammation process is highlighted. After a fast and accurate characterization, by a novel UHPLC-IT-TOF platform, we evaluated the in vitro effect of bergamot juice against inflammatory response induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in J774A.1 murine macrophages. Bergamot juice reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) release and other important pro-inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression. Moreover, the cytoprotective haem-oxygenase-1 (OH-1) enzyme expression in LPS-stimulated J774A.1 macrophages was enhanced. Our results demonstrated that bergamot juice acts as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in LPS-treated J774A.1 macrophages.

UHPLC profiling and effects on LPS-stimulated J774A.1 macrophages of flavonoids from bergamot (Citrus bergamia) juice, an underestimated waste product with high anti-inflammatory potential

SOMMELLA, EDUARDO MARIA;PEPE, GIACOMO;PAGANO, FRANCESCO;MARZOCCO, STEFANIA;AQUINO, Rita Patrizia;CAMPIGLIA, Pietro
2014

Abstract

Despite its high content of flavonoids, bergamot (Citrus bergamia) juice, is considered a waste product of the essential oil industry. In the present contribution, the potential of bergamot juice against inflammation process is highlighted. After a fast and accurate characterization, by a novel UHPLC-IT-TOF platform, we evaluated the in vitro effect of bergamot juice against inflammatory response induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in J774A.1 murine macrophages. Bergamot juice reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) release and other important pro-inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression. Moreover, the cytoprotective haem-oxygenase-1 (OH-1) enzyme expression in LPS-stimulated J774A.1 macrophages was enhanced. Our results demonstrated that bergamot juice acts as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in LPS-treated J774A.1 macrophages.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4578305
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact