Bacterial infections are the most frequent cause of hospitalization in elderly patients. In the early eighties, the advantages of Outpatient parenteral Antibiotic therapy (OPAT) were identified in the United States, and suitable therapeutic programs were established. In order to understand the different ways of managing OPAT, a National OPAT Registry was set up in 2003 in Italy. This study analyzes data concerning bacterial infections in 176 elderly patients including demographics, therapeutic management, clinical response, and side-effects. Bone and joint infections (48.9%) and skin and soft tissue infections (27.8%) were the most common infections treated with OPAT. Teicoplanin (28.9%) and ceftriaxone (22.1%) were the top two antibiotics chosen. OPAT was mainly performed at a hospital infusion center (52.8%). The clinical success rate was high and side-effects were low (12.6% of cases). Management of bacterial infections in the elderly with an outpatient program is effective and safe.

Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy in the elderly: an Italian observational multicenter study

ESPOSITO, Silvano;LEONE, SEBASTIANO;
2009

Abstract

Bacterial infections are the most frequent cause of hospitalization in elderly patients. In the early eighties, the advantages of Outpatient parenteral Antibiotic therapy (OPAT) were identified in the United States, and suitable therapeutic programs were established. In order to understand the different ways of managing OPAT, a National OPAT Registry was set up in 2003 in Italy. This study analyzes data concerning bacterial infections in 176 elderly patients including demographics, therapeutic management, clinical response, and side-effects. Bone and joint infections (48.9%) and skin and soft tissue infections (27.8%) were the most common infections treated with OPAT. Teicoplanin (28.9%) and ceftriaxone (22.1%) were the top two antibiotics chosen. OPAT was mainly performed at a hospital infusion center (52.8%). The clinical success rate was high and side-effects were low (12.6% of cases). Management of bacterial infections in the elderly with an outpatient program is effective and safe.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4646919
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