Human CD4(+)CD25(high)CD127(-)FoxP3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells suppress immune responses in vitro and in vivo. Reduced suppressive function and/or number of peripheral Treg cells has been previously reported in autoimmune disorders. Treg cells represent the most actively replicating compartment within the CD4(+) cells in vivo, but they are hyporesponsive to classical T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation in vitro, a condition that is secondary to their overactive metabolic state. Here we report that proliferation of Treg cells after TCR stimulation is impaired in subjects with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) because of altered interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion and IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)-signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) signaling. This is associated with decreased expression of the forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) 44- and 47-kDa splicing forms, overactivation of S6 ribosomal protein (a downstream target of the mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR) and altered activity of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 (p27(kip1)) and extracellular signal-related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). The impaired capacity of Treg cells to proliferate in RRMS correlates with the clinical state of the subject, where increasing disease severity is associated with a decline in Treg cell expansion. These results suggest a previously unrecognized mechanism that may account for the progressive loss of Treg cells in autoimmune disease.

Regulatory T cell proliferative potential is impaired in human autoimmune disease

MATARESE, Giuseppe
2014

Abstract

Human CD4(+)CD25(high)CD127(-)FoxP3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells suppress immune responses in vitro and in vivo. Reduced suppressive function and/or number of peripheral Treg cells has been previously reported in autoimmune disorders. Treg cells represent the most actively replicating compartment within the CD4(+) cells in vivo, but they are hyporesponsive to classical T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation in vitro, a condition that is secondary to their overactive metabolic state. Here we report that proliferation of Treg cells after TCR stimulation is impaired in subjects with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) because of altered interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion and IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)-signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) signaling. This is associated with decreased expression of the forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) 44- and 47-kDa splicing forms, overactivation of S6 ribosomal protein (a downstream target of the mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR) and altered activity of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 (p27(kip1)) and extracellular signal-related kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). The impaired capacity of Treg cells to proliferate in RRMS correlates with the clinical state of the subject, where increasing disease severity is associated with a decline in Treg cell expansion. These results suggest a previously unrecognized mechanism that may account for the progressive loss of Treg cells in autoimmune disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4650814
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