To investigate immunologic parameters and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated with unexplained infertility.
Objective: To investigate immunologic parameters and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated with unexplained infertility.Design: Case-control study.Setting: Academic center.Patient(s): Women with no fertility problems (FS) (n = 13), women with recurrent miscarriage (RM) (n = 15) and women with repeated in vitro fertilization failure (RIF) (n = 15).Intervention(s): Endometrial biopsy and collection of peripheral blood during the midsecretory phase of menstrual cycle.Main Outcome Measure(s): Leptin, resistin, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNF-R), myeloperoxidase (MPO), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1), and interleukin 22 (IL-22) concentration in peripheral blood, endometrial CD3(+), CD4(+), CD5(+), CD8(+), and FoxP3(+) T lymphocytes, and endometrial expression of HSPA5, a specific marker of ER stress.Result(s): We found an increase of proinflammatory molecules such as resistin, leptin, and IL-22 in both RM and RIF patients; sTNF-R and MPO only in RIF patients when compared with the FS women. We also found in endometria of infertile women a statistically significant increase of CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+) in both RM and RIF patients and CD5(+) in RM patients when compared with FS women. This was paralleled by a statistically significant reduction of infiltrating FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells. Finally, endometrial HSPA5 expression levels were statistically significantly up-regulated in both RM and RIF patients.Conclusion(s): Women with RM and RIF showed an increase of circulating proinflammatory cytokines, altered endometrial T lymphocytes subsets, and signs of endometrial ER stress. (C) 2015 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
|Titolo:||Regulatory T cells, inflammation, and endoplasmic reticulum stress in women with defective endometrial receptivity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Abstract:||To investigate immunologic parameters and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated with unexplained infertility.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|