Up until recently severe foot defects have been underestimated and amputation considered the treatment of choice. Inadequate treatment of foot defects is generally responsible for impaired deambulation resulting in physical and psychological handicap to the patient and producing a negative impact on social life. Foot reconstruction represents a recent advancement but is still a great challenge to the plastic surgeon; indeed the absence of a comprehensive anatomical classification of foot defects makes sharing clinical experiences difficult, slowing down the progress in this field. We report a single surgeon experience on a consecutive series of 47 complex foot reconstructions performed on 45 patients with microvascular free flaps over a 27-year period. A retrospective review of the cases was performed, a detailed analysis of the defects is presented and possible solutions debated so as to outline the key points in the diagnosis and treatment of foot defects. In the decision making process, soft tissue defect location, dimension, and functional relevance have proven to be as important as the exact definition of the bone defect. A new anatomical classification scheme for composite defects of the foot, involving both bone and soft tissue, is proposed in order to allow for a correct evaluation of the wound and an easier identification of the ideal treatment.

Microvascular reconstruction of complex foot defects, a new anatomo-functional classification

RUBINO, Corrado;
2015

Abstract

Up until recently severe foot defects have been underestimated and amputation considered the treatment of choice. Inadequate treatment of foot defects is generally responsible for impaired deambulation resulting in physical and psychological handicap to the patient and producing a negative impact on social life. Foot reconstruction represents a recent advancement but is still a great challenge to the plastic surgeon; indeed the absence of a comprehensive anatomical classification of foot defects makes sharing clinical experiences difficult, slowing down the progress in this field. We report a single surgeon experience on a consecutive series of 47 complex foot reconstructions performed on 45 patients with microvascular free flaps over a 27-year period. A retrospective review of the cases was performed, a detailed analysis of the defects is presented and possible solutions debated so as to outline the key points in the diagnosis and treatment of foot defects. In the decision making process, soft tissue defect location, dimension, and functional relevance have proven to be as important as the exact definition of the bone defect. A new anatomical classification scheme for composite defects of the foot, involving both bone and soft tissue, is proposed in order to allow for a correct evaluation of the wound and an easier identification of the ideal treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4652910
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