Intelligence and autonomy is becoming a prerequisite for maritime transportation systems. In this paper a distributed control problem for unmanned surface vessels (USVs) is formulated as follows: there are N USVs which pursue another vessel (moving target). Each USV can be equipped with various sensors, such as IMU, cameras and non-imaging sensors such as sonar, radar and thermal signature sensors. At each time instant each USV can obtain measurements of the target’s cartesian coordinates. Additionally, each USV is aware of the target’s distance from a reference monitoring station (coastal or satellite monitoring units). The objective is to make the USVs converge in a synchronized manner towards the target, while avoiding collisions between them and avoiding collisions with obstacles in their motion plane. A distributed control law is developed for the USVs which enables not only convergence of the USVs to the goal position, but also makes possible to maintain the cohesion of the multi-USV system. Moreover, distributed filtering is performed, so as to obtain an estimate of the target vessel’s state vector. This provides the desirable state vector to be tracked by each one of the USVs. To this end, a new distributed nonlinear filtering method of improved accuracy and computation speed is introduced. This filtering approach, under the name Derivative-free distributed nonlinear Kalman filter is based on differential flatness theory and on an exact linearization of the target vessel’s dynamic/kinematic model. The performance of the proposed distributed filtering scheme is compared against the Extended and the Unscented Information filter.

Distributed Control of Unmanned Surface Vessels Using the Derivative-free Nonlinear Kalman Filter

SIANO, PIERLUIGI;
2015

Abstract

Intelligence and autonomy is becoming a prerequisite for maritime transportation systems. In this paper a distributed control problem for unmanned surface vessels (USVs) is formulated as follows: there are N USVs which pursue another vessel (moving target). Each USV can be equipped with various sensors, such as IMU, cameras and non-imaging sensors such as sonar, radar and thermal signature sensors. At each time instant each USV can obtain measurements of the target’s cartesian coordinates. Additionally, each USV is aware of the target’s distance from a reference monitoring station (coastal or satellite monitoring units). The objective is to make the USVs converge in a synchronized manner towards the target, while avoiding collisions between them and avoiding collisions with obstacles in their motion plane. A distributed control law is developed for the USVs which enables not only convergence of the USVs to the goal position, but also makes possible to maintain the cohesion of the multi-USV system. Moreover, distributed filtering is performed, so as to obtain an estimate of the target vessel’s state vector. This provides the desirable state vector to be tracked by each one of the USVs. To this end, a new distributed nonlinear filtering method of improved accuracy and computation speed is introduced. This filtering approach, under the name Derivative-free distributed nonlinear Kalman filter is based on differential flatness theory and on an exact linearization of the target vessel’s dynamic/kinematic model. The performance of the proposed distributed filtering scheme is compared against the Extended and the Unscented Information filter.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4656508
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact