Translocation processes between the inner and outer rings of lichen thalli, as well as between lichens and bark substratum, induce zonation patterns, with a dynamic stratification of pollution history memory which is often affected by the intensity of the atmospheric events. Two experiments of passive biomonitoring are presented, aimed to measure metal concentrations and zonation patterns in lichens and bark, before and after raining events or after a water sprinkling treatment. Ten elements were monitored in the lichen Physcia biziana (Massal.) Zahlbr. v. leptophylla Ve˘zda in a moderately polluted area of Campania region (Italy). Element concentrations changed with lichen age, with generally higher concentrations in the older than the younger tissues. Rain and sprinkling had differential effects on lichen and bark: a significant decrease of the overall concentrations was observed after rain in bark, whereas a slight increase was observed in lichen thalli; however, when lichen thalli were just rehydrated with a sprinkling treatment, some elements were found to increase in the younger portions of the thalli and decrease in the older portions. The extent to which zonation patterns account for site “pollution memory” or are affected by the short-term local atmospheric variability is discussed.

Different effects of rain and artificial watering on element zonation patterns in lichen thalli and bark: A study on Physcia biziana (Massal.) Zahlbr. v. leptophylla Vĕzda

BALDANTONI, Daniela;ALFANI, Anna;
2016

Abstract

Translocation processes between the inner and outer rings of lichen thalli, as well as between lichens and bark substratum, induce zonation patterns, with a dynamic stratification of pollution history memory which is often affected by the intensity of the atmospheric events. Two experiments of passive biomonitoring are presented, aimed to measure metal concentrations and zonation patterns in lichens and bark, before and after raining events or after a water sprinkling treatment. Ten elements were monitored in the lichen Physcia biziana (Massal.) Zahlbr. v. leptophylla Ve˘zda in a moderately polluted area of Campania region (Italy). Element concentrations changed with lichen age, with generally higher concentrations in the older than the younger tissues. Rain and sprinkling had differential effects on lichen and bark: a significant decrease of the overall concentrations was observed after rain in bark, whereas a slight increase was observed in lichen thalli; however, when lichen thalli were just rehydrated with a sprinkling treatment, some elements were found to increase in the younger portions of the thalli and decrease in the older portions. The extent to which zonation patterns account for site “pollution memory” or are affected by the short-term local atmospheric variability is discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4666628
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