The energy balance and hepatic fatty acid-supported respiration were studied in rats fed a control or an energy-dense diet. In addition, state 3 and 4 respiratory rates as well as ketone body production with palmitoylcarnitine as substrate were determined in isolated mitochondria. Metabolizable energy intake and energy expenditure increased in rats fed an energy-dense diet, but the gain in body weight and lipid content remained unchanged. No variation occurred in the mitochondrial palmitoylcarnitine utilization rate and ketone body production, but a significant increase in the mitochondrial content of ketone bodies and the serum levels was found in rats fed an energy-dense diet. Furthermore, we have shown a significant increase in fatty acid-stimulated respiration in hepatocytes from rats fed an energy-dense diet. The enhanced hepatic fatty acid utilization as an energy substrate found in rats fed an energy-dense diet may contribute to reduce the availability of lipids for storage, thus counteracting the development of obesity.

Hepatic fatty acid-supported respiration in rats fed an energy-dense diet

LIONETTI, Lilla';
1996

Abstract

The energy balance and hepatic fatty acid-supported respiration were studied in rats fed a control or an energy-dense diet. In addition, state 3 and 4 respiratory rates as well as ketone body production with palmitoylcarnitine as substrate were determined in isolated mitochondria. Metabolizable energy intake and energy expenditure increased in rats fed an energy-dense diet, but the gain in body weight and lipid content remained unchanged. No variation occurred in the mitochondrial palmitoylcarnitine utilization rate and ketone body production, but a significant increase in the mitochondrial content of ketone bodies and the serum levels was found in rats fed an energy-dense diet. Furthermore, we have shown a significant increase in fatty acid-stimulated respiration in hepatocytes from rats fed an energy-dense diet. The enhanced hepatic fatty acid utilization as an energy substrate found in rats fed an energy-dense diet may contribute to reduce the availability of lipids for storage, thus counteracting the development of obesity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4667789
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