The origin of the unusual and puzzling elasticity of drawn sPP samples was investigated. The mechanism responsible of the elasticity was studied for drawn samples characterized by a very simple structural organization, where there are no involvements of crystallographic modifications with different chain conformation. The elastic behavior of the drawn samples, valued through the hysteresis cycles, was determined at different temperatures. At room temperature the samples show remarkable elastic properties, whereas decreasing the temperature the elastic behavior becomes worse and worse, disappearing at temperatures lower than 0 °C. The elasticity also disappears in drawn samples after a long aging under tension. Thermomechanical and structural investigations, as well as shrinkage as a function of temperature and aging at room temperature of the fixed drawn samples, support the idea that the elastic behavior of sPP can be explained by the model of the plastic deformation of semicrystalline polymers. The interpretation is based on the presence of "tie" molecules axially connecting the crystals in the oriented samples, whose extension, chain conformation and/or crystallization determine the retractive stress of the oriented sample, as well as other mechanical properties. We show that many experiments on the drawn samples, either fixed or relaxed, are strictly connected to the morphology of the drawn sample, derived by the transition between the lamellar initial and the fibrillar final structure. By applying the model we can answer the questions derived from the experimental facts not yet well clarified, giving a new insight into the interesting elasticity of sPP.
|Titolo:||Elasticity of syndiotactic polypropylene: Insights from temperature and time dependence|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|