A series of phenolic and saponin type natural products such as quercetin, rutin, catechin, epicatechin, silymarin, trojanoside H, astragaloside IV, astragaloside VIII and astrasieversianin X, were investigated for their inhibitory effects against the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 18.104.22.168). We here report inhibitory effects of these compounds against five α-CA isozymes (hCA I, hCA II, bCA III, hCA IV and hCA VI). Most of the phenolic and saponin type compounds inhibited the isoenzymes quite effectively at low micromolar KI-s ranging between 0.1 and 4 μM, whereas a few derivatives were ineffective (KI-s > 100 μM). The results were remarkable which might lead to design of novel CAIs with a diverse inhibition mechanism compared to sulfonamide/sulfamate inhibitors.
|Titolo:||Analysis of saponins and phenolic compounds as inhibitors of α-carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|