Background: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP) are involved in airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation. However, the role of nociceptin at modulating the inflammatory immune microenvironment in asthma is still unclear. Objective: To understand the role of N/OFQ in the regulation of a Th2-like environment, we used a conventional murine model of AHR. Methods: Balb/c and CD1 mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) and treated with saline solution or N/OFQ, at days 0 and 7. A group of Balb/c mice were killed at 7 and 14 days from the first sensitization for the inflammatory profile evaluation while a group of Balb/c and CD1 mice were aerosol-challenged from day 21 to 23 with OVA and killed 24 h later for functional evaluations. Results: In OVA-sensitized mice, N/OFQ significantly reduced IL-4+ CD4+ T cells in lymph nodes (LN) and IL-13 in the lungs, while it induced IFN-γ increase in the lung. The efflux of dendritic cells (DCs) to the mediastinic LN and into the lung of OVA-sensitized mice was reduced in N/OFQ-treated and sensitized mice. N/OFQ reduced the expression of CD80 on DCs, indicating its ability to modulate the activation of DCs. In a less prone Th2-like environment mice strain, such as CD1 mice, N/OFQ did not modify lung resistances as observed in BALB/c mice. Finally, spectroscopic data showed the N/OFQ was able to interact onto the membrane of DCs obtained from Balb/c rather than CD1 mice, indicating its ability to modulate AHR in a Th2-like environment with a direct activity on DCs. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Our data confirmed the capability of N/OFQ to modulate the immune microenvironment in the lung of Th2-biased, OVA-sensitized Balb/c mice, suggesting N/OFQ-NOP axis as a novel pharmacological tool to modulate the inflammatory immune microenvironment in asthma.
|Titolo:||Nociceptin reduces the inflammatory immune microenvironment in a conventional murine model of airway hyperresponsiveness|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|