Secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) are released in large amounts in the blood of patients with systemic inflammatory diseases and accumulate at sites of chronic inflammation, such as the airways of patients with bronchial asthma. Blood eosinophils or eosinophils recruited in inflammatory areas therefore can be exposed in vivo to high concentrations of sPLA2. We have examined the effects of two structurally different sPLA2s (group IA and group IIA) on several functions of eosinophils isolated from normal donors and patients with hypereosinophilia. Both group IA and IIA sPLA2 induced a concentration-dependent release of β-glucuronidase, IL-6, and IL-8. Release of the two cytokines was associated with the accumulation of their specific mRNA. In addition, sPLA2s induced the surface expression of CD44 and CD69, two major activation markers of eosinophils. In contrast, none of the sPLA2s examined induced the production of IL-5, the de novo synthesis of leukotriene C4 and platelet-activating factor, or the generation of superoxide anion from human eosinophils. Incubation of eosinophils with the major enzymatic products of the sPLA2s (arachidonic acid, lysophosphatidylcholine, or lysophosphatidic acid) did not reproduce any of the enzymes' effects. In addition, inactivation of sPLA2 enzymatic activity by bromophenacyl bromide did not influence the release of β-glucuronidase or of cytokines. Stimulation of eosinophils by sPLA2s was associated with activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2. These results indicate that sPLA2s selectively activate certain proinflammatory and immunoregulatory functions of human eosinophils through mechanism(s) independent from enzymatic activity and from the generation of arachidonic acid.
|Titolo:||Secretory phospholipases A2 activate selective functions in human eosinophils|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|