The plant Gymnema sylvestre has been used widely in traditional medicine as a remedy for several diseases, and its leaf extract is known to contain a group of bioactive triterpene saponins belonging to the gymnemic acid class. Gymnemic acid I (1) is one of the main components among this group of secondary metabolites and is endowed with an interesting bioactivity profile. Since there is a lack of information about its specific biological targets, the full interactome of 1 was investigated through a quantitative chemical proteomic approach, based on stable-isotope dimethyl labeling. The ribosome complex was found to be the main partner of compound 1, and a full validation of the proteomics results was achieved by orthogonal approaches. Further biochemical and biological investigations revealed an inhibitory effect of 1 on the ribosome machinery.

Determination of Gymnemic Acid I as a Protein Biosynthesis Inhibitor Using Chemical Proteomics

CAPOLUPO, ANGELA;ESPOSITO, ROBERTA;RICCIO, Raffaele;CASAPULLO, Agostino;TOSCO, Alessandra;MONTI, Maria Chiara
2017

Abstract

The plant Gymnema sylvestre has been used widely in traditional medicine as a remedy for several diseases, and its leaf extract is known to contain a group of bioactive triterpene saponins belonging to the gymnemic acid class. Gymnemic acid I (1) is one of the main components among this group of secondary metabolites and is endowed with an interesting bioactivity profile. Since there is a lack of information about its specific biological targets, the full interactome of 1 was investigated through a quantitative chemical proteomic approach, based on stable-isotope dimethyl labeling. The ribosome complex was found to be the main partner of compound 1, and a full validation of the proteomics results was achieved by orthogonal approaches. Further biochemical and biological investigations revealed an inhibitory effect of 1 on the ribosome machinery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4682398
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