Objectives The aim of this study was to perform a metaanalysis of randomized trials, evaluating the long-term outcomes of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) versus baremetal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background Despite short-term outcomes of patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention indicate a benefit of SES in terms of reintervention, several concerns remain on the long-term safety and efficacy of SES. Methods A systematic literature search of electronic resources, through October 2011, was performed using specific search terms. Included trials were randomized studies comparing SES to BMS in STEMI patients, with a follow-up C3 years. Results Seven trials were included, with a total of 2,364 patients. At a median follow-up of 3 years, SES significantly reduced the risk of target-vessel revascularization when compared with BMS [odds ratio (OR), 0.44; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 0.34-0.57; p<0.0001], without increasing the risk of mortality (OR 0.78; 95 % CI, 0.57-1.08; p = 0.14), reinfarction (OR 0.91; 95 % CI, 0.61-1.35, p = 0.64) and early to late stent thrombosis (OR 0.77; 95 % CI, 0.49-1.20; p = 0.25). However after the first year, SES did not further reduce target-vessel revascularization (OR 1.06; 95 % CI, 0.64-1.74; p = 0.83) and increased the risk of very late stent thrombosis (OR 2.81; 95 % CI, 1.33-5.92; p = 0.007). Conclusions At long-term follow-up, SES compared to BMS use in STEMI patients reduces the risk of targetvessel revascularization, without increasing the risk of death and reinfarction. However, the strong SES efficacy is counterbalanced by a significant risk of very late stent thrombosis. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Long-term clinical outcomes following sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with acute myocardial infarction. A meta-analysis of randomized trials

GALASSO, Gennaro;DE ROSA, ROBERTA;PISCIONE, Federico
2012

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to perform a metaanalysis of randomized trials, evaluating the long-term outcomes of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) versus baremetal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background Despite short-term outcomes of patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention indicate a benefit of SES in terms of reintervention, several concerns remain on the long-term safety and efficacy of SES. Methods A systematic literature search of electronic resources, through October 2011, was performed using specific search terms. Included trials were randomized studies comparing SES to BMS in STEMI patients, with a follow-up C3 years. Results Seven trials were included, with a total of 2,364 patients. At a median follow-up of 3 years, SES significantly reduced the risk of target-vessel revascularization when compared with BMS [odds ratio (OR), 0.44; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 0.34-0.57; p<0.0001], without increasing the risk of mortality (OR 0.78; 95 % CI, 0.57-1.08; p = 0.14), reinfarction (OR 0.91; 95 % CI, 0.61-1.35, p = 0.64) and early to late stent thrombosis (OR 0.77; 95 % CI, 0.49-1.20; p = 0.25). However after the first year, SES did not further reduce target-vessel revascularization (OR 1.06; 95 % CI, 0.64-1.74; p = 0.83) and increased the risk of very late stent thrombosis (OR 2.81; 95 % CI, 1.33-5.92; p = 0.007). Conclusions At long-term follow-up, SES compared to BMS use in STEMI patients reduces the risk of targetvessel revascularization, without increasing the risk of death and reinfarction. However, the strong SES efficacy is counterbalanced by a significant risk of very late stent thrombosis. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4684448
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