Through-the-annulus threading of calix[5]arene penta-O-ethers by dialkylammonium cations coupled to the loosely coordinating superweak TFPB– anion has been achieved. 1H NMR titration data show that preorganization of the calix[5]arene scaffold leads to great thermodynamic stability of the pseudorotaxane complexes as well as to a favorable threading kinetic. Thus, calix[5]arene 1c, bearing tert-butyl groups at the wide rim, was threaded by all of the cations under study (with the exception of the dibenzylammonium 2b+) more tightly than the other derivatives under investigation (Ka’s up to 2.02 ± 0.2 × 105 M–1) because of its preorganized cone conformation. According to DFT calculations, van der Waals interactions between the tert-butyl groups of 1c and the alkyl chain of the cationic axle are likely responsible for the remarkable stability observed. The threading of the calix[5]arene wheels with the asymmetric pentylbenzylammonium axle 2c+ led to the toposelective formation of the endo-pentylpseudorotaxane stereoisomer in agreement with the known “endo-alkyl rule”. Owing to the steric hindrance of the axle phenyl group, the threading of the guest was seen to occur in a unidirectional fashion through the calixarene narrow rim.

Calix[5]arene Through-the-Annulus Threading of Dialkylammonium Guests Weakly Paired to the TFPB Anion

DE ROSA, Margherita;TALOTTA, CARMEN;GAETA, CARMINE;SORIENTE, Annunziata;NERI, Placido;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Through-the-annulus threading of calix[5]arene penta-O-ethers by dialkylammonium cations coupled to the loosely coordinating superweak TFPB– anion has been achieved. 1H NMR titration data show that preorganization of the calix[5]arene scaffold leads to great thermodynamic stability of the pseudorotaxane complexes as well as to a favorable threading kinetic. Thus, calix[5]arene 1c, bearing tert-butyl groups at the wide rim, was threaded by all of the cations under study (with the exception of the dibenzylammonium 2b+) more tightly than the other derivatives under investigation (Ka’s up to 2.02 ± 0.2 × 105 M–1) because of its preorganized cone conformation. According to DFT calculations, van der Waals interactions between the tert-butyl groups of 1c and the alkyl chain of the cationic axle are likely responsible for the remarkable stability observed. The threading of the calix[5]arene wheels with the asymmetric pentylbenzylammonium axle 2c+ led to the toposelective formation of the endo-pentylpseudorotaxane stereoisomer in agreement with the known “endo-alkyl rule”. Owing to the steric hindrance of the axle phenyl group, the threading of the guest was seen to occur in a unidirectional fashion through the calixarene narrow rim.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4685162
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