The supramolecular organization in the solid state of five novel gamma-hydroxybutenolides is described. The functionalities on their framework drive the construction of the crystalline packing through weak non-covalent forces such as H-bonds, CH–π, π–π and CH⋯O interactions. Gamma-butenolides bearing an unsubstituted aromatic or heteroaromatic ring as the side arm exhibit a helical assembly, in which the helical sense is determined by the chirality of the molecule, promoted by a three-center, bifurcated intra-intermolecular H-bond. In this assembly, the aromatic residues form an “aromatic zipper” between adjacent homochiral helices. Crystal structures of gamma-butenolide with p-substituted aromatic rings exhibit dimers, promoted by mutual O–H⋯O[double bond, length as m-dash]C intermolecular hydrogen-bond interactions. Finally, when the p-position of the aromatic ring is occupied by a potential H-bond acceptor substituent, such as CN group, the aromatic substituent is involved in an exclusive intermolecular H-bond in the observed crystal packing. The ability of gamma-butenolides to control the type of packing induced by the substitution pattern of their side arm makes them interesting for the engineering of novel crystalline assemblies.

Supramolecular synthons in the gamma-hydroxybutenolides

DE ROSA, Margherita
;
LA MANNA, PELLEGRINO;SORIENTE, Annunziata;GAETA, CARMINE;TALOTTA, CARMEN;NERI, Placido
2017

Abstract

The supramolecular organization in the solid state of five novel gamma-hydroxybutenolides is described. The functionalities on their framework drive the construction of the crystalline packing through weak non-covalent forces such as H-bonds, CH–π, π–π and CH⋯O interactions. Gamma-butenolides bearing an unsubstituted aromatic or heteroaromatic ring as the side arm exhibit a helical assembly, in which the helical sense is determined by the chirality of the molecule, promoted by a three-center, bifurcated intra-intermolecular H-bond. In this assembly, the aromatic residues form an “aromatic zipper” between adjacent homochiral helices. Crystal structures of gamma-butenolide with p-substituted aromatic rings exhibit dimers, promoted by mutual O–H⋯O[double bond, length as m-dash]C intermolecular hydrogen-bond interactions. Finally, when the p-position of the aromatic ring is occupied by a potential H-bond acceptor substituent, such as CN group, the aromatic substituent is involved in an exclusive intermolecular H-bond in the observed crystal packing. The ability of gamma-butenolides to control the type of packing induced by the substitution pattern of their side arm makes them interesting for the engineering of novel crystalline assemblies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4692477
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