RuCl(eta(5)-3-phenylindenyl)(PPh3)(2)] (1) has been shown to be a highly active catalyst for the isomerisation of allylic alcohols to the corresponding ketones. A variety of substrates undergo the transformation, typically with 0.25-0.5 mol% of catalyst at room temperature, outperforming commonly-used complexes such as [RuCl(Cp)(PPh3)(2)] and [RuCl(eta(5)-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)]. Mechanistic experiments and density functional theory have been employed to investigate the mechanism and understand the effect of catalyst structure on reactivity. These investigations suggest a oxo-pi-allyl mechanism is in operation, avoiding intermediate ruthenium hydride complexes and leading to a characteristic 1,3-deuterium shift. Important mechanistic insights from DFT and experiments also allowed for the design of a protocol that expands the scope of the transformation to include primary allylic alcohols.

How phenyl makes a difference: mechanistic insights into the ruthenium(II)-catalysed isomerisation of allylic alcohols

Cavallo, Luigi;
2014

Abstract

RuCl(eta(5)-3-phenylindenyl)(PPh3)(2)] (1) has been shown to be a highly active catalyst for the isomerisation of allylic alcohols to the corresponding ketones. A variety of substrates undergo the transformation, typically with 0.25-0.5 mol% of catalyst at room temperature, outperforming commonly-used complexes such as [RuCl(Cp)(PPh3)(2)] and [RuCl(eta(5)-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)]. Mechanistic experiments and density functional theory have been employed to investigate the mechanism and understand the effect of catalyst structure on reactivity. These investigations suggest a oxo-pi-allyl mechanism is in operation, avoiding intermediate ruthenium hydride complexes and leading to a characteristic 1,3-deuterium shift. Important mechanistic insights from DFT and experiments also allowed for the design of a protocol that expands the scope of the transformation to include primary allylic alcohols.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4702056
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