Hypoxia is the basis of many myocardial conditions, and it can initiate cell death programs, among which apoptosis is well-known. Connexin 43 (Cx43), the major component of cardiomyocyte Gap Junctions, is important in cardioprotection. Cx43is involved in ischemia/reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning's protection in vitro; however, its role on cardiomyocyte under hypoxia is still unclear. Reports have shown that Cx43 is also located at the inner membrane of mitochondria where it has been implicated in enhanced ischemic preconditioning response. In this study, to evaluate the role of mitochondrial Cx43 in hypoxia, we used an in vitro model of chemical hypoxia induced by Cobalt chloride (CoCl2) in H9c2 cell line. CoCl2(50â100â150 Î¼M) was administered for 3 or 6 h, alone or combined with Radicicol, that inhibits Cx43 translocation on mitochondria, to demonstrate the crucial role of mitochondrial Cx43 in the cardioprotection. In fact, reduction of Cx43 translocation on mitochondria increases mitochondrial ROS production, cytosolic and mitochondrial calcium overload and mitochondrial membrane depolarization, thus resulting in an increase of the triggering apoptotic pathway. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the involvement of mitochondrial Cx43 in the apoptotic process in a chemical hypoxia model and suggests that mitochondrial Cx43 plays a crucial role in cytoprotection.
|Titolo:||Inhibition of Connexin 43 translocation on mitochondria accelerates CoCl2-induced apoptotic response in a chemical model of hypoxia|
POPOLO, Ada (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|