Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthropathy that can be associated with focal bone erosions. Psoriasis usually precedes the psoriatic arthritis onset by an average of 10 years, but this relation is not yet fully elucidated. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-33, OPN, IL-17, and TNF-α are involved in both psoriasis and PsA pathogenesis as well as in bone homeostasis. In this study, we have demonstrated that IL-33, OPN, IL-17, and TNF-α induced the release of a wide range of pro-osteoclastogenic factors from the skin, such as RANKL, that promote monocyte differentiation in osteoclasts. The addition of osteoprotegerin, a RANKL inhibitor, to monocyte cultures treated with supernatant from stimulated skin did not completely deplete osteoclast formation, suggesting that skin produced several additional pro-osteoclastogenic mediators, which could act in a RANKL-independent manner. Moreover, we have found that RANKL serum levels as well as osteoclast number and activity in psoriatic patients with and without arthritis, was influenced by severity of cutaneous disease. Our data demonstrate that psoriatic cutaneous inflammation contributes to bone damage.

Psoriatic cutaneous inflammation promotes human monocyte differentiation into active osteoclasts, facilitating bone damage

Lembo, Serena;DONNARUMMA, GIOVANNA;
2017

Abstract

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthropathy that can be associated with focal bone erosions. Psoriasis usually precedes the psoriatic arthritis onset by an average of 10 years, but this relation is not yet fully elucidated. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-33, OPN, IL-17, and TNF-α are involved in both psoriasis and PsA pathogenesis as well as in bone homeostasis. In this study, we have demonstrated that IL-33, OPN, IL-17, and TNF-α induced the release of a wide range of pro-osteoclastogenic factors from the skin, such as RANKL, that promote monocyte differentiation in osteoclasts. The addition of osteoprotegerin, a RANKL inhibitor, to monocyte cultures treated with supernatant from stimulated skin did not completely deplete osteoclast formation, suggesting that skin produced several additional pro-osteoclastogenic mediators, which could act in a RANKL-independent manner. Moreover, we have found that RANKL serum levels as well as osteoclast number and activity in psoriatic patients with and without arthritis, was influenced by severity of cutaneous disease. Our data demonstrate that psoriatic cutaneous inflammation contributes to bone damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4705033
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