Background: The Oral Behaviours Checklist (OBC) is a valid 21-item instrument quantifying the self-reported frequency of oral behaviours. An Italian version (OBC-It) has been released recently. Anxiety and oral behaviours are known to be associated in individuals with oro-facial pain due to temporomandibular disorders (TMD). However, information about this relationship in pain-free individuals is still limited. Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the reliability of the OBC-It and its reduced version (OBC-It 6), focusing on tooth clenching-related wake-time oral behaviours, and the effect of patient instructions on reliability. A second aim was to test the association between trait anxiety and oral behaviours in pain-free individuals. Methods: Two hundred and eighty-two TMD-free students, divided into 2 groups (Group A, n = 139, mean age ± SD = 22.6 ± 5.4 years; Group B, n = 143, 23.7 ± 4.2 years), filled in the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the OBC-It. Group B received instructions about the OBC-It, while Group A did not. After 2 weeks, both groups filled in the OBC-It again. However, Group B was further divided into 2 subgroups, B1and B2. The first received the same instructions again, while B2did not. Results: The test-retest reliability of the OBC-It (A: ICC =.87; B1: ICC =.94; B2: ICC =.95) and OBC-It 6 (A: ICC =.85; B1: ICC =.89; B2: ICC =.93) was excellent in all groups. Trait anxiety was weakly associated with OBC-It only in women (R2 =.043, P =.021). Conclusions: The OBC-It is a reliable tool but further subjects’ instructions might be needed. Trait anxiety has a limited effect on oral behaviours in TMD-free subjects.

Analysis of the reliability of the Italian version of the Oral Behaviours Checklist and the relationship between oral behaviours and trait anxiety in healthy individuals

Amato, M.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: The Oral Behaviours Checklist (OBC) is a valid 21-item instrument quantifying the self-reported frequency of oral behaviours. An Italian version (OBC-It) has been released recently. Anxiety and oral behaviours are known to be associated in individuals with oro-facial pain due to temporomandibular disorders (TMD). However, information about this relationship in pain-free individuals is still limited. Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the reliability of the OBC-It and its reduced version (OBC-It 6), focusing on tooth clenching-related wake-time oral behaviours, and the effect of patient instructions on reliability. A second aim was to test the association between trait anxiety and oral behaviours in pain-free individuals. Methods: Two hundred and eighty-two TMD-free students, divided into 2 groups (Group A, n = 139, mean age ± SD = 22.6 ± 5.4 years; Group B, n = 143, 23.7 ± 4.2 years), filled in the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the OBC-It. Group B received instructions about the OBC-It, while Group A did not. After 2 weeks, both groups filled in the OBC-It again. However, Group B was further divided into 2 subgroups, B1and B2. The first received the same instructions again, while B2did not. Results: The test-retest reliability of the OBC-It (A: ICC =.87; B1: ICC =.94; B2: ICC =.95) and OBC-It 6 (A: ICC =.85; B1: ICC =.89; B2: ICC =.93) was excellent in all groups. Trait anxiety was weakly associated with OBC-It only in women (R2 =.043, P =.021). Conclusions: The OBC-It is a reliable tool but further subjects’ instructions might be needed. Trait anxiety has a limited effect on oral behaviours in TMD-free subjects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4708958
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