The fim operon of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium encodes type I fimbriae. The expression of fim is controlled in response to environmental signals through a complex regulatory cascade involving the proteins FimW, FimY, and FimZ and a genetic locus, fimU, that encodes a rare arginine tRNA. We discovered that a knockout mutation in lrp, the gene that codes for the leucine-responsive regulatory protein (Lrp), inhibited fim transcription. The loss of fim gene expression was accompanied by a corresponding loss of the mannose-sensitive hemagglutination that is a characteristic of type 1 fimbriae. Normal type 1 fimbrial expression was restored following the introduction into the knockout mutant of a plasmid carrying a functional copy of the lrp gene. Electrophoretic mobility shift analysis revealed no interactions between purified Lrp protein and the regulatory region of the fimA, fimU, or fimW gene. Instead, Lrp produced protein-DNA complexes with the regulatory region of the fimZ gene, and the nature of these complexes was leucine sensitive. DNase I foot-printing showed that Up binds within a region between -65 and -170 with respect to the fimZ transcription start site, consistent with the binding and wrapping of the DNA in this upstream region. Ectopic expression of the fimZ gene from an inducible promoter caused Lrp-independent type 1 fimbriation in serovar Typhimurium. These data show that Lrp makes a positive contribution to fim gene expression through direct interaction with the fimZ promoter region, possibly by antagonizing the binding of the H-NS global repressor protein.
|Titolo:||The leucine-responsive regulatory protein, Lrp, activates transcription of the fim operon in Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium via the fimZ regulatory gene|
LUCCHINI, Sacha [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|