Plant abietane diterpenoids (e.g. aethiopinone, 1- oxoaethiopinone, salvipisone and ferruginol), synthesized in the roots of several Salvia spp, have antibacterial, antifungal, sedative and anti-proliferative properties. Recently we have reported that content of these compounds in S. sclarea hairy roots is strongly depending on transcriptional regulation of genes belonging to the plastidial MEP-dependent terpenoid pathway, from which they mostly derive. To boost the synthesis of this interesting class of compounds, heterologous AtWRKY18, AtWRKY40, and AtMYC2 TFs were overexpressed in S. sclarea hairy roots and proved to regulate in a coordinated manner the expression of several genes encoding enzymes of the MEP-dependent pathway, especially DXS, DXR, GGPPS and CPPS. The content of total abietane diterpenes was enhanced in all overexpressing lines, although in a variable manner due to a negative pleiotropic effect on HR growth. Interestingly, in the best performing HR lines overexpressing the AtWRKY40 TF induced a significant 4-fold increase in the final yield of aethiopinone, for which we have reported an interesting anti-proliferative activity against resistant melanoma cells. The present results are also informative and instrumental to enhance the synthesis of abietane diterpenes derived from the plastidial MEP-derived terpenoid pathway in other Salvia species.

Coactivation of MEP-biosynthetic genes and accumulation of abietane diterpenes in Salvia sclarea by heterologous expression of WRKY and MYC2 transcription factors

Alfieri, Mariaevelina;Vaccaro, Maria Carmela;CAPPETTA, ELISA;Ambrosone, Alfredo;De Tommasi, Nunziatina;Leone, Antonietta
2018

Abstract

Plant abietane diterpenoids (e.g. aethiopinone, 1- oxoaethiopinone, salvipisone and ferruginol), synthesized in the roots of several Salvia spp, have antibacterial, antifungal, sedative and anti-proliferative properties. Recently we have reported that content of these compounds in S. sclarea hairy roots is strongly depending on transcriptional regulation of genes belonging to the plastidial MEP-dependent terpenoid pathway, from which they mostly derive. To boost the synthesis of this interesting class of compounds, heterologous AtWRKY18, AtWRKY40, and AtMYC2 TFs were overexpressed in S. sclarea hairy roots and proved to regulate in a coordinated manner the expression of several genes encoding enzymes of the MEP-dependent pathway, especially DXS, DXR, GGPPS and CPPS. The content of total abietane diterpenes was enhanced in all overexpressing lines, although in a variable manner due to a negative pleiotropic effect on HR growth. Interestingly, in the best performing HR lines overexpressing the AtWRKY40 TF induced a significant 4-fold increase in the final yield of aethiopinone, for which we have reported an interesting anti-proliferative activity against resistant melanoma cells. The present results are also informative and instrumental to enhance the synthesis of abietane diterpenes derived from the plastidial MEP-derived terpenoid pathway in other Salvia species.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4714201
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