The aim of this work was to study the influence of printing temperature in the 3D printing process of PLA/clay nanocomposites. For this reason, PLA 4032D was melt compounded in a twin screw extruder with a layered silicate (Cloisite 30B) at 4 wt%. Then, using a single screw extruder, PLA and PLA/clay filaments were produced so as to obtain the required diameter (1.75 mm). Finally, dog-bone specimens were 3D printed via FDM technique using three different temperatures (185, 200 and 215°C) and such specimens were mechanically tested in tensile mode. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) on PLA/clay filaments reported an increase of storage modulus both at 35°C and 70°C (8 and 40 %, respectively) in comparison to the PLA filament. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) demonstrated the ability of nanoclay to act as nucleating agent because cold crystallization temperature decreased of about 10°C. Finally, nanocomposite 3D printed samples exhibited always higher elastic modulus than PLA specimens and it increases at increasing printing temperature.

Influence of 3D printing parameters on the properties of PLA/clay nanocomposites

Coppola, B.;Cappetti, N.;Di Maio, L.;Scarfato, P.;Incarnato, L.
2018-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the influence of printing temperature in the 3D printing process of PLA/clay nanocomposites. For this reason, PLA 4032D was melt compounded in a twin screw extruder with a layered silicate (Cloisite 30B) at 4 wt%. Then, using a single screw extruder, PLA and PLA/clay filaments were produced so as to obtain the required diameter (1.75 mm). Finally, dog-bone specimens were 3D printed via FDM technique using three different temperatures (185, 200 and 215°C) and such specimens were mechanically tested in tensile mode. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) on PLA/clay filaments reported an increase of storage modulus both at 35°C and 70°C (8 and 40 %, respectively) in comparison to the PLA filament. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) demonstrated the ability of nanoclay to act as nucleating agent because cold crystallization temperature decreased of about 10°C. Finally, nanocomposite 3D printed samples exhibited always higher elastic modulus than PLA specimens and it increases at increasing printing temperature.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4723771
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact