The discovery of genetic alterations, that can be targeted therapeutically, has launched a new era for lung cancer research and personalized therapy. However, not all the identified new genetic driver mutations are therapeutically targetable due to high toxicity profile. On the other hand, those genetic alterations that could be pharmacologically targeted, are often subject of alternative mutations that lead to drug resistance, which represents one of the major clinical limitation. Mechanisms of acquired resistance in oncogene-driven malignancies occur after additional genetic alterations of the primary oncogene. In this scenario, the secondary genetic alteration can lead to up-regulation of bypass-signaling pathways, changes in tumor histology or alterations in drug metabolism, that are able to promote drug resistance with an ensuing lower survival rate of the patient. Another aspect to be considered is that non-genetically mutated patients still have poor pharmacological options and therefore still represent an unmet medical need. Therefore, identifying mechanisms underlying both drug resistance in genetically mutated patients and novel therapeutic alternatives for non-mutated NSCLC patients is still an area of intense investigation.

Drug resistance in non-small cell lung Cancer (NSCLC): Impact of genetic and non-genetic alterations on therapeutic regimen and responsiveness

Terlizzi Michela
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Colarusso Chiara
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pinto Aldo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sorrentino Rosalinda
Project Administration
2019

Abstract

The discovery of genetic alterations, that can be targeted therapeutically, has launched a new era for lung cancer research and personalized therapy. However, not all the identified new genetic driver mutations are therapeutically targetable due to high toxicity profile. On the other hand, those genetic alterations that could be pharmacologically targeted, are often subject of alternative mutations that lead to drug resistance, which represents one of the major clinical limitation. Mechanisms of acquired resistance in oncogene-driven malignancies occur after additional genetic alterations of the primary oncogene. In this scenario, the secondary genetic alteration can lead to up-regulation of bypass-signaling pathways, changes in tumor histology or alterations in drug metabolism, that are able to promote drug resistance with an ensuing lower survival rate of the patient. Another aspect to be considered is that non-genetically mutated patients still have poor pharmacological options and therefore still represent an unmet medical need. Therefore, identifying mechanisms underlying both drug resistance in genetically mutated patients and novel therapeutic alternatives for non-mutated NSCLC patients is still an area of intense investigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4726236
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