We have recently demonstrated that mesoglycan, a fibrinolytic compound, may be a promising pro-healing drug for skin wound repair. We showed that mesoglycan induces migration, invasion, early differentiation, and translocation to the membrane of keratinocytes, as well as the secretion of annexin A1 (ANXA1), further involved in keratinocytes activation. These events are triggered by the syndecan-4 (SDC4)/PKCα pathway. SDC4 also participates to the formation and secretion of microvesicles (EVs) which may contribute to wound healing. EVs were isolated from HaCaT cells, as human immortalized keratinocytes, and then characterised by Western blotting, Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Dynamic Light Scattering. Their autocrine effects were investigated by Wound-Healing/invasion assays and confocal microscopy to analyse cell motility and differentiation, respectively. Here, we found that the mesoglycan increased the release of EVs which amplify its same effects. ANXA1 contained in the microvesicles is able to promote keratinocytes motility and differentiation by acting on Formyl Peptide Receptors (FPRs). Thus, the extracellular form of ANXA1 may be considered as a link to intensify the effects of mesoglycan. In this study, for the first time, we have identified an interesting autocrine loop ANXA1/EVs/FPRs in human keratinocytes, induced by mesoglycan.
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