The financial market despite being hit by the digital revolution has only recently reached the segment of direct investments on the part of non-professional investors in new ventures. Through equity crowdfunding platforms, in particular, capital demand and supply for startups are easily linked, thus bringing thousands of new investors to the financial market. This study examines equity crowdfunding investor drivers when selecting investment proposals. Specifically, we segment the Italian equity crowdfunding investors’ market by means of a cluster analysis and explore differences between segments in terms of socio-demographic and behavioral variables. Based on previous studies, six drivers (pertaining to three macro dimensions) were chosen for the segmentation of equity crowdfunding investors: confidence in team, confidence in venture, financial pledge and project attractiveness, platform characteristics, community driver, societal driver. The cluster analysis yielded four clusters we labeled: (1) venture trustful; (2) crowdfunding technicians; (3) financial investors, talent scouters; (4) social dreamers. In order to further specify the profile of the four clusters, each one was cross-tabulated with external variables of crowdfunding investors’ socio-economic characteristics and behavioral variables. Understanding, by means of a fine-grain lens, the differences between these new digital investors offers practical insights for crowd-equity platform management or for would-be entrepreneurs seeking funds. Finally, implications on future research streams on crowdfunding are discussed.

Segmenting “digital investors”: evidence from the Italian equity crowdfunding market

Feola, Rosangela
Conceptualization
;
Vesci, Massimiliano
Methodology
;
Marinato, Ezio
Data Curation
;
Parente, Roberto
Writing – Review & Editing
2019-01-01

Abstract

The financial market despite being hit by the digital revolution has only recently reached the segment of direct investments on the part of non-professional investors in new ventures. Through equity crowdfunding platforms, in particular, capital demand and supply for startups are easily linked, thus bringing thousands of new investors to the financial market. This study examines equity crowdfunding investor drivers when selecting investment proposals. Specifically, we segment the Italian equity crowdfunding investors’ market by means of a cluster analysis and explore differences between segments in terms of socio-demographic and behavioral variables. Based on previous studies, six drivers (pertaining to three macro dimensions) were chosen for the segmentation of equity crowdfunding investors: confidence in team, confidence in venture, financial pledge and project attractiveness, platform characteristics, community driver, societal driver. The cluster analysis yielded four clusters we labeled: (1) venture trustful; (2) crowdfunding technicians; (3) financial investors, talent scouters; (4) social dreamers. In order to further specify the profile of the four clusters, each one was cross-tabulated with external variables of crowdfunding investors’ socio-economic characteristics and behavioral variables. Understanding, by means of a fine-grain lens, the differences between these new digital investors offers practical insights for crowd-equity platform management or for would-be entrepreneurs seeking funds. Finally, implications on future research streams on crowdfunding are discussed.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4727729
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact