Scope of work The data collected are presented on eight students with disabilities (4 motor, 2 mental and 2 visual), who participated in the Mindfulness Laboratory at the University of Salerno. The Laboratory, which used audio-assistive techniques, aimed to reduce stress and increase coping skills to improve self-esteem. The study lasted six months. Materials and methods Assistive technologies Students used audio guides to practice meditation on their own, as Mindfulness favours the continuity of these practices. The audio guides include 10 different tracks with topics such as feeling a part of the body, deep listening to nature, and bodily exploration. Self-administered psychological tests in pre-post laboratory mode DS-14: idea of Self; PSS: perceived stress; SVS: vulnerability to stress; CISS: multidimensional aspects of coping. Results The incoming results revealed a negative self-idea (80%) and very high levels of perceived stress and vulnerability to it (98%). Regarding coping skills, students used emotion more (75%) and avoidance (50%)and social diversion (50%) less. At the end of the workshop, the changes in students included: reading their world in a less emotional way; showing greater acceptance of their difficulties and diversity; and experiencing less stress and increased coping skills. Conclusions Through the continuous practice of Mindfulness, with an experienced trainer or on one’s own with the use of assistive technologies, it is possible to change the relationship with experience and the Self (Kabat-Zinn, 2003, 2014) for people with disabilities.

Assistive technologies applied to Mindfulness to reduce stress and increase coping resources: a laboratory with disabled university students.

savarese G.;ingino M.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Scope of work The data collected are presented on eight students with disabilities (4 motor, 2 mental and 2 visual), who participated in the Mindfulness Laboratory at the University of Salerno. The Laboratory, which used audio-assistive techniques, aimed to reduce stress and increase coping skills to improve self-esteem. The study lasted six months. Materials and methods Assistive technologies Students used audio guides to practice meditation on their own, as Mindfulness favours the continuity of these practices. The audio guides include 10 different tracks with topics such as feeling a part of the body, deep listening to nature, and bodily exploration. Self-administered psychological tests in pre-post laboratory mode DS-14: idea of Self; PSS: perceived stress; SVS: vulnerability to stress; CISS: multidimensional aspects of coping. Results The incoming results revealed a negative self-idea (80%) and very high levels of perceived stress and vulnerability to it (98%). Regarding coping skills, students used emotion more (75%) and avoidance (50%)and social diversion (50%) less. At the end of the workshop, the changes in students included: reading their world in a less emotional way; showing greater acceptance of their difficulties and diversity; and experiencing less stress and increased coping skills. Conclusions Through the continuous practice of Mindfulness, with an experienced trainer or on one’s own with the use of assistive technologies, it is possible to change the relationship with experience and the Self (Kabat-Zinn, 2003, 2014) for people with disabilities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4728350
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