In The Four-Category Ontology, E. J. Lowe defines the relationship between ontology and empirical sciences in this way. Each science aims at truth, seeking to describe accurately some part of reality. The various descriptions of different parts of reality must, if they are all to be true, fit together to make a description which can be true of reality as a whole. The task of ontology is to render mutually consistent the partial descriptions of reality that emerge from the various sciences, in order to provide a unitary description of reality. However, we should not be misled by this talk of description of reality: the proper concern of ontology is not the descriptions we construct of it, but reality itself. The aim of this paper is to show a possible criticism to this view.
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