We study the unconventional transmission properties of a wave packet through a PT-symmetric potential region as describing the actual electromagnetic wave propagation along a waveguide filled with gain and loss media. The nontrivial behavior of the transmission probability manifests in the giant amplification of the incident electromagnetic signal of given wavelengths for well-defined configurations, depending on the gain/loss contrast. Maximum transmission peaks are related to spectral singularities and a strict correlation exists between the "resonant" wavelengths and the gain/loss contrast. The transit times are as well calculated, showing their surprising vanishing in the opaque barrier limit, independently of the gain/loss contrast, which is reminiscent of some sort of Hartman effect. Also, nonlocal effects manifest in the presence of negative delay times for given configurations, while a correlation is apparent between maximum delay times and transmission probability peaks, though appreciably depending on the gain/loss contrast.

Phase time and transmission probability in the traversal of a PT-symmetric potential: The case of an electromagnetic waveguide

Di Mauro M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Naddeo A.
2017

Abstract

We study the unconventional transmission properties of a wave packet through a PT-symmetric potential region as describing the actual electromagnetic wave propagation along a waveguide filled with gain and loss media. The nontrivial behavior of the transmission probability manifests in the giant amplification of the incident electromagnetic signal of given wavelengths for well-defined configurations, depending on the gain/loss contrast. Maximum transmission peaks are related to spectral singularities and a strict correlation exists between the "resonant" wavelengths and the gain/loss contrast. The transit times are as well calculated, showing their surprising vanishing in the opaque barrier limit, independently of the gain/loss contrast, which is reminiscent of some sort of Hartman effect. Also, nonlocal effects manifest in the presence of negative delay times for given configurations, while a correlation is apparent between maximum delay times and transmission probability peaks, though appreciably depending on the gain/loss contrast.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4728798
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