The effect of the UV-C/free chlorine (FC) process on the removal of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) from real urban wastewater as well as the effect of UV-C radiation on the formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) compared to FC process alone was investigated. Unlike of FC process, UV-C/FC was really effective in the degradation of the target CECs (carbamazepine (CBZ), diclofenac, sulfamethoxazole and imidacloprid) in real wastewater (87% degradation of total CECs within 60 min, QUVC = 1.33 kJ L−1), being CBZ the most refractory one (49.5%, after 60 min). The UV-C radiation significantly affected the formation of THMs. THMs concentration (mainly chloroform) was lower in UV-C/FC process after 30 min treatment (<1 μgL−1 = limit of quantification (LOQ)) than in FC process in dark (2.3 μgL−1). Noteworthy, while in FC treated wastewater chloroform concentration increased after treatment, UV-C/FC process resulted in a significant decrease (residual concentrations below the LOQ), even after 24 h and 48 h post-treatment incubation. The formation of radicals due to UV-C/FC process can reduce THMs compared to chlorination process, because part of FC reacts with UV-C radiation to form radicals and it is no longer available to form THMs. These results are encouraging in terms of possible use of UV-C/FC process as advanced treatment of urban wastewater even for possible effluent reuse.

Advanced treatment of urban wastewater by UV-C/free chlorine process: Micro-pollutants removal and effect of UV-C radiation on trihalomethanes formation

Cerreta G.;Rizzo L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The effect of the UV-C/free chlorine (FC) process on the removal of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) from real urban wastewater as well as the effect of UV-C radiation on the formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) compared to FC process alone was investigated. Unlike of FC process, UV-C/FC was really effective in the degradation of the target CECs (carbamazepine (CBZ), diclofenac, sulfamethoxazole and imidacloprid) in real wastewater (87% degradation of total CECs within 60 min, QUVC = 1.33 kJ L−1), being CBZ the most refractory one (49.5%, after 60 min). The UV-C radiation significantly affected the formation of THMs. THMs concentration (mainly chloroform) was lower in UV-C/FC process after 30 min treatment (<1 μgL−1 = limit of quantification (LOQ)) than in FC process in dark (2.3 μgL−1). Noteworthy, while in FC treated wastewater chloroform concentration increased after treatment, UV-C/FC process resulted in a significant decrease (residual concentrations below the LOQ), even after 24 h and 48 h post-treatment incubation. The formation of radicals due to UV-C/FC process can reduce THMs compared to chlorination process, because part of FC reacts with UV-C radiation to form radicals and it is no longer available to form THMs. These results are encouraging in terms of possible use of UV-C/FC process as advanced treatment of urban wastewater even for possible effluent reuse.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4734625
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