Introduction: Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is a protein involved in apoptosis and stress response, which is overexpressed in invasive cervical cancer. However, nothing is known about BAG3 expression in precancerous lesions of the uterine cervix. We aimed to evaluate the expression of BAG3 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia/squamous intraepithelial lesions (CIN/SIL). Material and methods: Forty patients (16 CIN1/L-SIL, 11 CIN2/H-SIL and 13 CIN3/H-SIL) were assessed by immunohistochemistry for BAG3. The intensity of BAG3 expression was categorized as null, minimal, weak, moderate or strong. The association of BAG2 intensity of expression with the grade of dysplasia was assessed using Chi-square test (significant P value <0.05). Results: In all normal controls, BAG3 expression was negative. In L-SIL specimens, BAG3 expression was confined to the basal third of the epithelium, with an intensity minimal in nine cases (56.3%), weak in six (37.5%) and strong in one (6.3%). In H-SIL specimens, BAG3 expression involved also the two upper thirds of the epithelium, with an intensity moderate in 13 cases (54.2%; 8 CIN2 and 5 CIN3) and strong in 11 cases (45.8%; 3 CIN2 and 8 CIN3). The distribution of BAG3 expression correlated perfectly with the grade of dysplasia (P = 0.0); a moderate/strong expression of BAG3 was significantly associated with H-SIL (P < 0.0001), with no significant difference between CIN2 and CIN3 (P = 0.1228). Conclusions: In CIN/SIL, both distribution and intensity of BAG3 expression correlate directly with the grade of dysplasia, supporting the involvement of BAG3 in all phases of cervical carcinogenesis and its possible diagnostic and prognostic role in cervical premalignant lesions.

BAG3 expression correlates with the grade of dysplasia in squamous intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix

D'Antonio A.;De Marco M.;Caccese M.;Zeppa P.;Rosati A.;Mollo A.;Zullo F.;Guida M.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is a protein involved in apoptosis and stress response, which is overexpressed in invasive cervical cancer. However, nothing is known about BAG3 expression in precancerous lesions of the uterine cervix. We aimed to evaluate the expression of BAG3 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia/squamous intraepithelial lesions (CIN/SIL). Material and methods: Forty patients (16 CIN1/L-SIL, 11 CIN2/H-SIL and 13 CIN3/H-SIL) were assessed by immunohistochemistry for BAG3. The intensity of BAG3 expression was categorized as null, minimal, weak, moderate or strong. The association of BAG2 intensity of expression with the grade of dysplasia was assessed using Chi-square test (significant P value <0.05). Results: In all normal controls, BAG3 expression was negative. In L-SIL specimens, BAG3 expression was confined to the basal third of the epithelium, with an intensity minimal in nine cases (56.3%), weak in six (37.5%) and strong in one (6.3%). In H-SIL specimens, BAG3 expression involved also the two upper thirds of the epithelium, with an intensity moderate in 13 cases (54.2%; 8 CIN2 and 5 CIN3) and strong in 11 cases (45.8%; 3 CIN2 and 8 CIN3). The distribution of BAG3 expression correlated perfectly with the grade of dysplasia (P = 0.0); a moderate/strong expression of BAG3 was significantly associated with H-SIL (P < 0.0001), with no significant difference between CIN2 and CIN3 (P = 0.1228). Conclusions: In CIN/SIL, both distribution and intensity of BAG3 expression correlate directly with the grade of dysplasia, supporting the involvement of BAG3 in all phases of cervical carcinogenesis and its possible diagnostic and prognostic role in cervical premalignant lesions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4737244
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