Coeliac disease (CD) is a multifactorial autoimmune disorder and gut dysbiosis contributes to its pathogenesis. We previously profiled by 16S rRNA sequencing duodenal and oropharyngeal microbiomes in active CD (a-CD), gluten-free diet (GFD) patients, and controls (CO) and found significantly higher levels of Neisseria spp., with pro-inflammatory activities, in a-CD patients than in the other two groups. In this study, we developed a fast and simple qPCR-based method to evaluate the abundance of the oral Neisseria spp. and the diagnostic performances of the test in CD diagnosis. The Neisseria spp. abundances detected by quantitative PCR (qPCR) were: CO = 0.14, GFD = 0.15, a-CD = 2.08, showing a similar trend to those previously measured by next generation sequencing (NGS). In particular, Neisseria spp. values obtained by both methods were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in a-CD than in the other two groups GFD and CO-the latter almost overlapping. We calculated by ROC curve analysis the threshold of 1.12 ng/μL of Neisseria spp. to discriminate between CO+GFD and a-CD patients with 100% and 96.7% of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, respectively. In conclusion, our data, if confirmed in other cohorts, suggest the q-PCR evaluation of oral Neisseria spp. could be a fast and simple method to assess CD-associated dysbiosis for diagnostic purposes.

Setup of Quantitative PCR for Oral Neisseria spp. Evaluation in Celiac Disease Diagnosis

Ciacci C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2020

Abstract

Coeliac disease (CD) is a multifactorial autoimmune disorder and gut dysbiosis contributes to its pathogenesis. We previously profiled by 16S rRNA sequencing duodenal and oropharyngeal microbiomes in active CD (a-CD), gluten-free diet (GFD) patients, and controls (CO) and found significantly higher levels of Neisseria spp., with pro-inflammatory activities, in a-CD patients than in the other two groups. In this study, we developed a fast and simple qPCR-based method to evaluate the abundance of the oral Neisseria spp. and the diagnostic performances of the test in CD diagnosis. The Neisseria spp. abundances detected by quantitative PCR (qPCR) were: CO = 0.14, GFD = 0.15, a-CD = 2.08, showing a similar trend to those previously measured by next generation sequencing (NGS). In particular, Neisseria spp. values obtained by both methods were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in a-CD than in the other two groups GFD and CO-the latter almost overlapping. We calculated by ROC curve analysis the threshold of 1.12 ng/μL of Neisseria spp. to discriminate between CO+GFD and a-CD patients with 100% and 96.7% of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, respectively. In conclusion, our data, if confirmed in other cohorts, suggest the q-PCR evaluation of oral Neisseria spp. could be a fast and simple method to assess CD-associated dysbiosis for diagnostic purposes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4739993
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