Covert encoding is one of the strategies available to languages for the encoding of motion, in which, in accordance with the laws of Gestalt, the meaning of an expression encoding motion is not coincident with the mere sum of the meanings of each of its constitutive units, relying on the mediation of grammatical and co(n)text-established knowledge for its interpretability. Moving on from a data set gathered for a previous study and adopting a holistic, constructional approach, several strategies were found in a diachronic corpus of Italian, French and Spanish for the covert encoding of motion in such languages, based on whether the motion-interpretation attributed to the covert construction is mediated by either linguistic or extralinguistic knowledge. The diachronic investigation also showed that the use of such patterns is diachronically consistent in frequency, thus proving that such patterns of interaction between language and cognition may be regarded as functional for speakers of all languages and time stages, also confirming that a holistic, constructional approach to language study can help shed light on linguistic–cognitive phenomena on the basis of language variation and change. Keywords: Motion events encoding, covert encoding, Romance languages, inferences, knowledge-driven interpretation, constructional semantics.

Constructional Meaning and Knowledge-Driven Interpretation of Motion Events. Examples from Three Romance Varieties

ALFONSINA BUONICONTO
2020

Abstract

Covert encoding is one of the strategies available to languages for the encoding of motion, in which, in accordance with the laws of Gestalt, the meaning of an expression encoding motion is not coincident with the mere sum of the meanings of each of its constitutive units, relying on the mediation of grammatical and co(n)text-established knowledge for its interpretability. Moving on from a data set gathered for a previous study and adopting a holistic, constructional approach, several strategies were found in a diachronic corpus of Italian, French and Spanish for the covert encoding of motion in such languages, based on whether the motion-interpretation attributed to the covert construction is mediated by either linguistic or extralinguistic knowledge. The diachronic investigation also showed that the use of such patterns is diachronically consistent in frequency, thus proving that such patterns of interaction between language and cognition may be regarded as functional for speakers of all languages and time stages, also confirming that a holistic, constructional approach to language study can help shed light on linguistic–cognitive phenomena on the basis of language variation and change. Keywords: Motion events encoding, covert encoding, Romance languages, inferences, knowledge-driven interpretation, constructional semantics.
Verdeckte Kodierung ist eine der Strategien, die Sprachen zur Kodierung von Bewegung zur Verfügung stehen, wobei die Bedeutung eines Ausdrucks, der Bewegung kodiert, in Übereinstimmung mit den Gestaltgesetzen nicht mit der bloßen Summe der Bedeutungen seiner konstitutiven Einheiten deckungsgleich ist. Für die Interpretierbarkeit essentiell ist dabei die Vermittlung von grammatikalischem und ko(n)textbasiertem Wissen. Anhand einer Belegsammlung aus den historischen Korpora der französischen, spanischen und italienischen Sprache, die für eine frühere Studie erstellt wurde, wurden unter Anwendung des holistischen bzw. konstruktiven Ansatzes verschiedene Strategien zur verdeckten Kodierung von Bewegungen in diesen Sprachen ermittelt. Das Hauptkriterium war dabei, ob die Bewegungsinterpretation, die der verdeckten Konstruktion zugewiesen wurde, durch linguistisches oder durch extralinguistisches Wissen vermittelt wird. Die diachronische Untersuchung ergab auch, dass die Verwendungshäufigkeit der ermittelten Muster diachronisch konsistent ist. Dies beweist, dass die Interaktionsmuster von Sprache und Kognition für Sprecher aller Sprachen und ihre Entwicklungsstadien gültig sind und bestätigt darüber hinaus, dass der holistische bzw. konstruktive Ansatz für das Sprachenlernen dazu beitragen kann, linguistisch-kognitive Phänomene auf der Grundlage von Sprachvariationen und -veränderungen zu beleuchten.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4742175
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