One of the aspects that influence the sitting comfort is the distribution of the pressure applied to the skin by the seat surface. In the scientific literature, many studies show experimental activities in order to evaluate the influence of pressure distribution at the seat-human interface on the comfort evaluation. The main limitation in seat design is based on the difficulties to predict the contact pressures distribution without prototypes because of the complex interaction among body muscles, wearing, human’s anthropometric characteristics, shape and materials of the seat. Moreover, the same human can assume different postures on the same seat, and different people, seated on the same chair, can assume different postures even if they have the same anthropometric percentile. The aim of this study is to propose a mathematical model evaluating interaction loads between human segments and seat segments. In this model a human body represented by 8 segments is placed on a 6 segments seat with posture dependent on seat segments and on position of the cocciyx on seat and feet on floor. Human segments can be configured in length and weight and friction between body and seat is considered. A model validation study based on an experimental comparison with contact pressures is also presented.

Posture prediction of a human on a chair: model validation

n. cappetti
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

One of the aspects that influence the sitting comfort is the distribution of the pressure applied to the skin by the seat surface. In the scientific literature, many studies show experimental activities in order to evaluate the influence of pressure distribution at the seat-human interface on the comfort evaluation. The main limitation in seat design is based on the difficulties to predict the contact pressures distribution without prototypes because of the complex interaction among body muscles, wearing, human’s anthropometric characteristics, shape and materials of the seat. Moreover, the same human can assume different postures on the same seat, and different people, seated on the same chair, can assume different postures even if they have the same anthropometric percentile. The aim of this study is to propose a mathematical model evaluating interaction loads between human segments and seat segments. In this model a human body represented by 8 segments is placed on a 6 segments seat with posture dependent on seat segments and on position of the cocciyx on seat and feet on floor. Human segments can be configured in length and weight and friction between body and seat is considered. A model validation study based on an experimental comparison with contact pressures is also presented.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4749552
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