Interleukin (IL)-6 has been detected in serum and ascites from patients affected by epithelial ovarian cancers, and also in some human ovarian cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of IL-6 in ovarian lesions, we first measured its levels in serum samples of 24 healthy donors and in 17 and 9 patients affected by ovarian carcinomas and ovarian benign cysts respectively. IL-6 levels were significantly higher than healthy donors in serum samples from ovarian cancer patients, but not in benign ovarian cysts. We then investigated the mechanism of IL-6 produc- tion in two cell lines obtained from the same patient with high grade serous ovarian carcinoma before (PEA1) and after (PEA2) development of cisplatinum resistance. The levels of intracellular IL-6, analysed by western blotting, did not relevantly differ in the two cell lines, and they did not change after the cell treatment with an AKT inhibitor. Although the interleukin was present in supernatants from both cell lines, its concentration in the supernatant of chemoresistant cells was significantly higher than chemosensitive cells. Interestingly, exposure to the AKT inhibitor resulted in a reduced IL-6 release in PEA1, but not in PEA2 cells. These results let infer different mechanisms of IL-6 release in chemoresistant and chemosensitive cell lines, and contribute new insights in ovarian cancer biology that suggest more in depth studies about the role of AKT in IL-6 release and in development of chemoresistance.

Different mechanisms underlie IL-6 release in chemosensitive and chemoresistant ovarian carcinoma cells

Margot De Marco
;
Antonia Falco;Michela Festa;Alessandra Rosati;Francesca Reppucci;Anna Lisa Cammarota;Maria Pascale;Francesco Salzano;Rosanna Martinelli;Paolo Remondelli;Mario Capunzo;Antonio Mollo;Fulvio Zullo;Liberato Marzullo
2020

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-6 has been detected in serum and ascites from patients affected by epithelial ovarian cancers, and also in some human ovarian cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of IL-6 in ovarian lesions, we first measured its levels in serum samples of 24 healthy donors and in 17 and 9 patients affected by ovarian carcinomas and ovarian benign cysts respectively. IL-6 levels were significantly higher than healthy donors in serum samples from ovarian cancer patients, but not in benign ovarian cysts. We then investigated the mechanism of IL-6 produc- tion in two cell lines obtained from the same patient with high grade serous ovarian carcinoma before (PEA1) and after (PEA2) development of cisplatinum resistance. The levels of intracellular IL-6, analysed by western blotting, did not relevantly differ in the two cell lines, and they did not change after the cell treatment with an AKT inhibitor. Although the interleukin was present in supernatants from both cell lines, its concentration in the supernatant of chemoresistant cells was significantly higher than chemosensitive cells. Interestingly, exposure to the AKT inhibitor resulted in a reduced IL-6 release in PEA1, but not in PEA2 cells. These results let infer different mechanisms of IL-6 release in chemoresistant and chemosensitive cell lines, and contribute new insights in ovarian cancer biology that suggest more in depth studies about the role of AKT in IL-6 release and in development of chemoresistance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4750112
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